broadcast-examples

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= Broadcast Info =
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= Broadcast =
The web provides an alternative transmission medium for radio and TV stations, enabling these to reach a global audience.  
The web provides an alternative transmission medium for radio and TV stations, enabling these to reach a global audience.  
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Some, but not all of this information is common to [[audio-info]] and [[video-info-examples]]. However there is an inherent difference between an item of content (e.g. a song) and a real-time stream of content.
Some, but not all of this information is common to [[audio-info]] and [[video-info-examples]]. However there is an inherent difference between an item of content (e.g. a song) and a real-time stream of content.
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Some thought needs to be given to whether this problem can be addressed using the proposed [[hAudio]] and hVideo microformats, or by combining these with some new stream-info microformat (similar to the proposed [[file-format]] or [[downloads]] microformats.
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Some thought needs to be given to whether this problem can be addressed using the proposed [[hAudio]] and hVideo microformats, or by combining these with some new stream-info microformat (similar to the proposed [[file-format]] or [[downloads]] microformats).
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== A NOTE ABOUT CONTRIBUTING - USE TEMPLATES ==
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== Authors ==
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* [[User:ChrisNewell | Chris Newell]], BBC Research
 +
 +
==  Contributors ==
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* [[User:Lucye | Lucye]]
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A python script has been written to extract statistical information, but for it to work, we need to be careful about how we mark up information.
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Page layout derived from [[audio-info-examples]] and [[video-info-examples]]
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Please use the following template when adding information about an Internet radio or TV station:
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== A NOTE ABOUT CONTRIBUTING - USE TEMPLATES ==
 +
 
 +
A python script has been written to extract statistical information, but for it to work, we need to be careful about how we mark up information. Please use the following template when adding information about an Internet radio or TV station:
  * [ http://www.example.com Website Name]
  * [ http://www.example.com Website Name]
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  ** [ http://www.example.com/album_example/ Album Example]
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  ** [ http://www.example.com/listing Listing Example]
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  *** Information displayed: name (station name), broadcaster, description, language, category (genre), location, logo,
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  *** Information displayed: bandwidth, broadcaster, category, codec, description, email, frequency,
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                             homepage, url (direct stream URL), bandwidth, codec, player (media player url), frequency
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                             image, info_url, language, location, name, now_playing, player_url,
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                            rating, schedule, stereo, stream_url
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If you need to add more information that is displayed, please use a common term to describe the information.
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If you need to add more information than is displayed, please use a common term to describe the information, add it to the Template above and provide a description in the Properties section below.
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== Contributors ==
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== Properties ==
 +
These properties are in alphabetical order and in no way represent the frequency of their use in the examples. The property names are also not final and probably will not be used when the Microformat vocabulary is decided. Deciding the vocabulary of the Microformat is not performed at this stage of examples collection and analysis. These property names and definitions are listed here in an attempt to keep the current and future example analysis teams using the same definitions for property names.
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Copied from [[audio-info-examples]]
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* '''bandwidth''' - The bitrate of the stream.
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* '''broadcaster''' - The originator of the station.
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* [[User:ChrisNewell | Chris Newell]], [[http://www.bbc.co.uk/rd/index.shtml BBC Research]]
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* '''category''' - The category specifies the genre or style used to classify the station. Examples include: comedy, entertainment, news, or sport.
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* '''codec''' - The type of decoder needed to play the stream.
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* '''description''' - A description of the station and the content it carries.
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* '''email''' - The email address of the the station.
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* '''frequency''' - The frequency on which the station is broadcast, e.g. 94.1 MHz.
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* '''image''' - An image which can be used to represent the station. Examples include: a screenshot or a station logo.
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* '''info_url''' - A link to a web page providing more information about the station, e.g. a link to schedule information.
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* '''language''' - The language used by the station.
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* '''location''' - The geographical location of the station.
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* '''name''' - A short textual description used to identify the station.
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* '''now_playing''' - Information about the content currently carried by the station, e.g. track details.
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* '''player_url''' - A link to a media player for the station.
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* '''rating''' - A numerical quality/satisfaction rating for the station.
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* '''schedule''' - Schedule information for the station.
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* '''stereo''' - A field indicating how many audio channels are carried.
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* '''stream_url''' - A direct link to the media stream or stream metafile for use by a generic player.
 +
== Real-World Examples ==
== Real-World Examples ==
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==== Individual Radio Stations ====
==== Individual Radio Stations ====
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* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio/aod/mainframe.shtml BBC Radio Player]
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** [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio/aod/mainframe.shtml?http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio/aod/radio1.shtml Example radio station]
 +
*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, image, category, bitrate, codec, stream_url, player_url, now_playing, schedule, email
* [http://www.webradiolist.com Internet Radio List]
* [http://www.webradiolist.com Internet Radio List]
** [http://www.webradiolist.com/radios/station.asp?webcasting=40&home=Radio Talk radio station example]
** [http://www.webradiolist.com/radios/station.asp?webcasting=40&home=Radio Talk radio station example]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, language, category, location, logo, homepage, url, player (media player url), bandwidth, codec, frequency
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, player_url, bandwidth, codec, frequency
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.live365.com Live365 Internet Radio]
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** [http://www.live365.com/stations/irishtoddy Example station]
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*** Information displayed: name, description, category, location, player_url, bandwidth, rating, now_playing, email
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* [http://www.mediauk.com Media UK]
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** [http://www.mediauk.com/radio/125/lbc-97.3 Example station]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, email, language, category, location, image, info_url, player_url, frequency
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* [http://www.reciva.com Reciva Radio Portal]
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** [https://www.reciva.com/index.php?option=com_cloud&action=station&stationid=203 Radio station example]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, category, location, codec, player_url
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* [http://Liveonlinetvradio.com Liveonlinetvradio Free Live Radio Stations]
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** [http://liveonlinetvradio.com/online-radio-stations/ Radio station example]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, category, location, codec, player_url
==== Listings of Radio Stations ====
==== Listings of Radio Stations ====
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** [http://www.webradiolist.com/radios/music.asp?CatalogID=17&webcasting Station list]
** [http://www.webradiolist.com/radios/music.asp?CatalogID=17&webcasting Station list]
*** Information displayed: name, description, location, bandwidth, codec
*** Information displayed: name, description, location, bandwidth, codec
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* [http://www.tvonline.2ya.com Free Internet Radio online]
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** [http://www.tvonline.2ya.com/ Station list]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, category, location, info_url, stream_url, bandwidth, codec, stereo, player_url
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* [http://www.live365.com Live365 Internet Radio]
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** [http://www.live365.com/cgi-bin/directory.cgi?genre=pop Pop station list]
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*** Information displayed: name, description, category, rating, player_url, bandwidth
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* [http://www.radiofeeds.co.uk/ Radio Feeds]
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** [http://www.radiofeeds.co.uk/ Station list]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, category, location, info_url, stream_url, bandwidth, codec, stereo
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* [http://www.reciva.com/ Reciva Radio Portal]
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** [https://www.reciva.com/index.php?option=com_cloud&action=results&type=location&fieldid=246 Station list]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, category, player_url
=== Television ===
=== Television ===
==== Individual TV Stations ====
==== Individual TV Stations ====
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* [http://www.freetv.tv Free TV]
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** [http://www.FreeTV.TV Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description,Country, category,info_url
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* [http://www.cabletvpackages.com Free TV]
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** [http://www.cabletvpackages.com Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description,Country, category,info_url
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* [http://www.free-online-tv.tv Free Online TV]
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** [http://www.free-online-tv.tv Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description,Country, category,info_url
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* [http://www.cable-tv-online.info Free TV Online]
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** [http://www.cable-tv-online.info Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description,Country, category,info_url
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* [http://www.pc-satellite-tv-reviews.com PC Satellite TV]
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** [http://www.pc-satellite-tv-reviews.com Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description,Country, category,info_url
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* [http://www.1-satellite-tv-facts.com Internet TV]
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** [http://www.1-satellite-tv-facts.com Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description,Country, category,info_url
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* [http://www.free-tv-channels.com free-tv-channels]
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** [http://www.free-tv-channels.com Example station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, rating
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* [http://news.bbc.co.uk BBC News]
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** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/player/nol/newsid_6610000/newsid_6615400/6615433.stm?bw=bb&mp=wm&news=1# News 24]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, category, image, info_url, player_url, stream_url, email
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* [http://englishtv.site.voila.fr/index.html TVonline]
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** [http://englishtv.site.voila.fr/tvonline_tv.html Free internet TV online]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, player_url
* [http://www.freeetv.com Freee TV]
* [http://www.freeetv.com Freee TV]
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** [http://www.freeetv.com/mod.php?name=Video_Stream&orderby=0&categoryby=0&newcategoryby=0 Station list]
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** [http://www.freeetv.com/modules.php?name=Video_Stream&page=watch&id=1459&d=1 Example TV station]
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*** [name, location, description, language, category, location, logo, homepage, bandwidth, codec, player, rating, comment]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, rating
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* [http://freetube.110mb.com Freetube]
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** [http://freetube.110mb.com/index.php?view=7ZXVyb3Nwb3J0dWs Eurosports TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, description, rating, player_url
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* [http://liveonlinetvradio.com Liveonlinetvradio ]
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** [http://liveonlinetvradio.com/online-tv-channels/ Example TV stations]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, rating
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* [http://www.mediauk.com Media UK]
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** [http://www.mediauk.com/tv/28175/bbc-news-24 Example station]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, category, description, email, frequency, image, info_url, location, player_url
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* [http://musicplustv.com MusicPlus TV]
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** [http://musicplustv.com/stream_pop.php Example staion]
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*** Information displayed: name, codec, player_url
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* [http://www.streamick.com Streamick]
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** [http://www.streamick.com Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, description, image, info_url, stream_url
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* [http://tvweb360.com TVWeb360]
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** [http://tvweb360.com Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, language, category, bandwidth
==== Listings of TV Stations ====
==== Listings of TV Stations ====
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* [http://liveonlinetvradio.com LiveOnlineTvRadio]
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** [http://liveonlinetvradio.com/online-tv-channels/ Free Online TV Stations List]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, player, rating
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* [http://www.inner-live.com INNER-LIVE]
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** [http://www.inner-live.com/index.php Free TV Stations list]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, player, rating
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* [http://www.free1000tv.com Free TV]
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** [http://www.freeetv.com/index.php Free TV Stations list]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, player, rating
* [http://www.freeetv.com Freee TV]
* [http://www.freeetv.com Freee TV]
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** [http://www.freeetv.com/modules.php?name=Video_Stream&page=watch&id=1459&d=1 Example TV station]
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** [http://www.freeetv.com/mod.php?name=Video_Stream&orderby=0&categoryby=0&newcategoryby=0 Station list]
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*** [name, location, description, language, category, location, logo, homepage, bandwidth, codec, rating]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, description, language, category, location, image, info_url, bandwidth, codec, player, rating
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* [http://englishtv.site.voila.fr/index.html  TVonline]
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** [http://englishtv.site.voila.fr/New.html Free internet TV mosaïc online]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, image, info_url, player_url, player_url, bandwidth
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* [http://www.internet-tvstations.co.uk  Internet TV Station list]
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** [http://www.internet-tvstations.co.uk Station list]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, image, info_url, player_url, rating, bandwidth
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* [http://www.lunarbroadband.com Lunar Broadband]
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** [http://www.lunarbroadband.com/media/webtv/cha.cou/usa/usa.php Station list]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, category, rating, bandwidth, codec
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* [http://wwitv.com wwwiTV]
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** [http://wwitv.com/portal.htm Station list]
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*** Information displayed: name, broadcaster, description, location, info_url, player_url, bandwidth
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* [http://tvweb360.com TVWeb360]
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** [http://tvweb360.com/ Example TV station]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, language, category, bandwidth
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 +
 
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* [http://www.onchannel.net/ Onchannel.Net Complete Online Movies and TV Channels]
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** [http://livetv.onchannel.net/ Onchannel.Net Internet Live TV Streaming]
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*** Information displayed: name, location, language, category, bandwidth
==== Other stream types ====
==== Other stream types ====
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==== Analysis of Radio Stations ====
==== Analysis of Radio Stations ====
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==== Analysis of TV Channels ====
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==== Analysis of TV Stations ====
== Existing Practices ==
== Existing Practices ==
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=== Other schema ===
=== Other schema ===
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 +
The [http://webapp.etsi.org/workprogram/Report_WorkItem.asp?WKI_ID=22472 XML schema] defined by [http://www.tv-anytime.org TV-Anytime] address a similar problem.
=== Summary of common patterns discovered ===
=== Summary of common patterns discovered ===
 +
* There is usually no explicit information about whether the station is radio or TV.
* There are often several streams listed for the same station using different bit-rates or codecs.
* There are often several streams listed for the same station using different bit-rates or codecs.
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== Related Pages ==
== Related Pages ==
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 +
* [[broadcast-brainstorming]]
* [[audio-info-examples]]
* [[audio-info-examples]]
* [[video-info-examples]]
* [[video-info-examples]]
* [[media-info-examples]]
* [[media-info-examples]]

Current revision

Contents

Broadcast

The web provides an alternative transmission medium for radio and TV stations, enabling these to reach a global audience. New Internet-only services have also appeared. A large number of services are now available and there are many web-based directories listing Internet radio and TV stations under various categories.

General information such as channel name, category (genre), and broadcaster are provided as well as technical information about the streams (URL, bit-rate, codec etc).

The Problem

Directories which list radio and TV stations have to be maintained by hand because the information cannot easily be collected automatically from web sites. The information these directories provide is not easily extracted by web browsers and devices such as Internet Radios.

Some, but not all of this information is common to audio-info and video-info-examples. However there is an inherent difference between an item of content (e.g. a song) and a real-time stream of content.

Some thought needs to be given to whether this problem can be addressed using the proposed hAudio and hVideo microformats, or by combining these with some new stream-info microformat (similar to the proposed file-format or downloads microformats).

Authors

Contributors


Page layout derived from audio-info-examples and video-info-examples

A NOTE ABOUT CONTRIBUTING - USE TEMPLATES

A python script has been written to extract statistical information, but for it to work, we need to be careful about how we mark up information. Please use the following template when adding information about an Internet radio or TV station:

* [ http://www.example.com Website Name]
** [ http://www.example.com/listing Listing Example]
*** Information displayed: bandwidth, broadcaster, category, codec, description, email, frequency,
                           image, info_url, language, location, name, now_playing, player_url,
                           rating, schedule, stereo, stream_url

If you need to add more information than is displayed, please use a common term to describe the information, add it to the Template above and provide a description in the Properties section below.

Properties

These properties are in alphabetical order and in no way represent the frequency of their use in the examples. The property names are also not final and probably will not be used when the Microformat vocabulary is decided. Deciding the vocabulary of the Microformat is not performed at this stage of examples collection and analysis. These property names and definitions are listed here in an attempt to keep the current and future example analysis teams using the same definitions for property names.


Real-World Examples

Radio

Individual Radio Stations

Listings of Radio Stations

Television

Individual TV Stations


Listings of TV Stations


Other stream types

Analysis

Analysis of Radio Stations

Analysis of TV Stations

Existing Practices

Listed below is an overview of the existing patterns and practices found in the wild for Radio and TV stations.

Other schema

The XML schema defined by TV-Anytime address a similar problem.

Summary of common patterns discovered

Other attempts to solve The Problem

Related Pages

broadcast-examples was last modified: Saturday, October 12th, 2013

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