Citation microformat efforts

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= Citation Formats =
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<entry-title> Citation microformat efforts </entry-title>
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== Authors ==
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This wiki page outlines the overall effort to develop a citation microformat per the [[process]].  
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[http://suda.co.uk/ Brian Suda] ;
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[http://www.inkdroid.org Ed Summers]
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== Copyright ==
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We are documenting current examples of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citation cites/citations] on the web today, their implicit/explicit schemas, and current cite/citation formats, with the intent of creating a citation microformat based on that research.
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{{MicroFormatCopyrightStatement2004}}
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* [[citation-examples]]
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* [[citation-formats]]
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** Latest analysis: [[citation-formats#styles|citation styles]] - formats implied by APA, MLA, TCMOS publishing conventions.
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* [[citation-brainstorming]]
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** Latest: [[citation-brainstorming#web_citations|web citations]]
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== Introduction ==
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== Example Citations ==
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Currently, there has been some discussion about a citation format. This is the wiki page to document current examples of cites/citations on the web today, and current cite/citation formats, and their implicit/explicit schemas, with the intent of deriving a cite microformat from that research.
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[[citation-examples|Citation Examples]] are citations found in the wild that could benefit from semantic mark-up. This is a growing list of examples from all sorts of places including W3C specifications, RFCs and others.  These are the examples which will determine the schema for the citation microformat.
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== Semantic XHTML Design Principles ==
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{{semantic-xhtml-design-principles}}
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== Known Citation Formats ==
== Known Citation Formats ==
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This is a list of the known formats for creating citations, this microformat will be a blend of some or all of them. The [[citation-formats|Citation Formats Page]] will be a running tab of these formats.
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The [[citation-formats|Citation Formats Page]] will be a running tab of known formats for publishing citations.
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Eventually, i would like to see a chart of how each value is represented in each format, and what formats have additional properties that do not map between them. (For example, Format1 calls 'author' 'author', in format2 'author' is called 'writter'. etc)
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It could be useful to create a chart of how each value from the implicit schema determined by the [[citation-examples]] is represented in each format, and what formats have additional properties that do not map between them. (For example, Format1 calls 'author' 'author', in format2 'author' is called 'writer'. etc)
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== Example Citations ==
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== Brainstorming ==
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[[citation-examples|Citation Examples]] are citations found in the wild that could benefit from semantic mark-up. This is a growing list of examples from all sorts of places including W3C specifications, RFCs and others.
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* [[citation-brainstorming]]
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== Citation Brainstorming Ideas ==
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== Issues ==
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This is the [[citation-brainstorming|brainstorming page]] where just about anything can be put out for discussion.
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The [[citation-issues]] page is intended to capture ongoing issues.
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== Todo ==
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== To Do ==
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* select a bibliography format to model
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* [[existing-classes|Using existing class names]] and creating new names, create property names for the profile
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* look for HTML tags that give the most semantic meaning
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* Based on implicit schemas in [[citation-examples]], and terms from one or more [[citation-formats]], do some [[citation-brainstorming]] for a simple citation microformat.
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* Create additional strawman proposals
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== Questions ==
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* what is the difference between hReview and a Citation format?
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** Right a citation is actually very different from a review, and even although a review could be said to contain a citation to the item being reviewed, in practice, the two are very different.
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* if a citation is an author or publisher, isn't that just an hCard
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* Citations usually contain two parts--a notice that the material is a quoted or paraphrased from a source, and a reference to the location of that source. It seems like we're attempting to do both simultaneously should we make more of an effort to differentiate the two?
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== Modularity ==
== Modularity ==
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My hope for this microformat is that it can be a sort of module that can be used in other microformats. Once this is developed and flushed out, citation references could easily be used for publications on a Resume/CV, therefore the citation microformat would be a module (subset) of all the possible Resume Values.
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This microformat should be developed as a module that can be used in other microformats. Once developed and flushed out, citation references could easily be used for publications on a Resume/CV (e.g. in an [[hResume]]), therefore the citation microformat would be a module (subset) of all the possible Resume Values.
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Other Microformats that use the Citation Module
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Other Microformats that could use the Citation Module
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* [http://microformats.org/wiki/resume-formats Resume Microformat] (possibly)
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* [[hAtom]], e.g. inside of blog posts to infer a structure of which posts are about which other posts.
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* [[hresume|hResume]]
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* [[work-of-art]]
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Other Microformats that the Citation Module will use
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Other microformats that the Citation Module could/should re-use
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* [http://microformats.com/wiki/hcard hCard] encodings for things like Author, Publisher (people and companies)
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* [[hcard|hCard]] encodings for things like Author, Publisher (people and companies)
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* [http://microformats.org/wiki/hatom hAtom] encodings as a possible container, and author/date-time properties
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* [[hatom|hAtom]] encodings for author/date-time properties
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* [http://microformats.org/wiki/rel-tag rel-tag] encoding for keywords
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* [[rel-tag]] and "category" encoding for keywords, if any
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* [http://microformats.org/wiki/rel-license rel-license] encoding for copyright
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* [[rel-license]] encoding for copyright, if any
== References ==
== References ==
=== Informative References ===
=== Informative References ===
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'''Most of these should be moved to [[citation-formats]] and documented accordingly.'''
* [http://ocoins.info/ COinS]
* [http://ocoins.info/ COinS]
* [http://xmlresume.sourceforge.net/ XMLResume]: if part of the drive for citations is for publications for a resume/CV then some of this information could be useful
* [http://xmlresume.sourceforge.net/ XMLResume]: if part of the drive for citations is for publications for a resume/CV then some of this information could be useful
* [http://www.citeulike.org/ CiteUlike] is a free service to help academics to share, store, and organise the academic papers they are reading
* [http://www.citeulike.org/ CiteUlike] is a free service to help academics to share, store, and organise the academic papers they are reading
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* [http://www.connotea.org/ Connotea] is a scientific bookmarking service from Nature.
* [http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/chudnov/ OpenURL] with Autodiscovery
* [http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue43/chudnov/ OpenURL] with Autodiscovery
* [http://cipolo.med.yale.edu/mailman/listinfo/gcs-pcs-list "Gather, Create, Share" and "Personal Collection Systems" memes, and systems implementing either or both]
* [http://cipolo.med.yale.edu/mailman/listinfo/gcs-pcs-list "Gather, Create, Share" and "Personal Collection Systems" memes, and systems implementing either or both]
* [http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/ Metadata Object Description Schema] developed by the Library of Congress
* [http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/ Metadata Object Description Schema] developed by the Library of Congress
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* [http://dublincore.org/ Dublin Core Metadata]
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* [http://www.dublincore.org/documents/dc-citation-guidelines/ Guidelines for Encoding Bibliographic Citation Information in Dublin Core Metadata]
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* BibTeX references (I think a citation micro-format would be useful, but BibTeX is not the best model to use. It has a flat metadata model that does a really poor job representing the sort of citations that people outside of the hard sciences cite).
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* [http://www.ecst.csuchico.edu/~jacobsd/bib/formats/bibtex.html BibTeX reference] from Dana Jacobsen
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* [http://www.refman.com/support/risformat_intro.asp RIS Format Specification] from Thomson ResearchSoft, makers of ReferenceManager
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* [http://www.zotero.org/ Zotero] - "Firefox extension to help you collect, manage, and cite your research sources"
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*[http://www.doi.org/ DOI] ([http://www.crossref.org/02publishers/guidelines.html CrossRef Guidelines] for use of DOIs in citations)
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* [http://info-uri.info/ INFO URI] (URI scheme for representing legacy namespaces)
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*[http://www.isbn-international.org/ ISBN] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number ISBN on Wikipedia])
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*[http://www.issn.org/ ISSN] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Serial_Number ISSN on Wikipedia])
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* [http://opcit.eprints.org/ Open Citation Project] - OpCit, a three year (1999-2002)R&D project funded by the Joint NSF - JISC International Digital Libraries Research Programme.
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* [http://www.docbook.org/ DocBook] (markup langauige for books); [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Docbook DocBook on Wikipedia]
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* [http://www.bl.uk/news/2007/pressrelease20071022.html RDA: Resource Description and Access]
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== Copyright ==
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{{MicroFormatPublicDomainContributionStatement}}
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* [[User:Tantek|Tantek]]: I release all my contributions to this specification into the public domain and I encourage the other authors to do so as well.
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* [[User:Brian|Brian Suda]]: I release all my contributions to this specification into the public domain and I encourage the other authors to do so as well.
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* [[User:Edsu|Ed Summers]]: I release all my contributions to this specification into the public domain and I encourage the other authors to do so as well.
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* [[User:Mike|Michael McCracken]]: I release all my contributions to this specification into the public domain and I encourage the other authors to do so as well.
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* ... feel free to similarly add yourself if you're in the pre-2007-12-29 edit history, and preferably add the PD template to your user page e.g. see [[User:Tantek]] for an example to edit/copy-paste.
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It's been long enough that we should begin going through the edit history and removing/replacing pre-2007-12-29 content in order to bring this page fully into the public domain. [[User:Tantek|Tantek]] 00:53, 20 July 2011 (UTC)
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* PD cleared from beginning to 2006-02-14T16:59:21
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* '''To Do: clear edits from 2006-02-14T16:59:22 to 2007-06-26T21:55:41''' (some of those edits may have ended up in other pages like [[citation-examples]], [[citation-formats]], [[citation-brainstorming]] so be sure to check to see if contributions propagated there).
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** As you remove/replace non-PD contributed content accordingly, please update the date range on this to do item.
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=== Comments ===
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Once the entire history has been PD-cleared, we can remove the Authors and Copyright sections, and simply include the PD template <nowiki>{{cc-pd-license}}</nowiki>
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I'm the author of the [http://xbiblio.sourceforge.net/citeproc.html citeproc] project, which includes a micro-format of sorts (though I never thought of it as such) in its XHTML output mode.  See [http://xbiblio.sourceforge.net/examples/apa-en.html here] for an example.  The difference compared to the bibtex-derived model is that is a) more generic and b) hierachical.  
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instead.
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It would be possible, certainly, to do a flat model if for some reason there was a good technical reason not to go hierarchical (though is there?), but then you need to think outside the BibTeX box in any case. Any model of this sort ought to be able to handle legal citations, magazine articles, patents, etc. etc.; not just a narrow range of BibTeX types.
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== See Also ==
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{{citation-related-pages}}

Current revision


This wiki page outlines the overall effort to develop a citation microformat per the process.

We are documenting current examples of cites/citations on the web today, their implicit/explicit schemas, and current cite/citation formats, with the intent of creating a citation microformat based on that research.

Contents

Example Citations

Citation Examples are citations found in the wild that could benefit from semantic mark-up. This is a growing list of examples from all sorts of places including W3C specifications, RFCs and others. These are the examples which will determine the schema for the citation microformat.

Known Citation Formats

The Citation Formats Page will be a running tab of known formats for publishing citations.

It could be useful to create a chart of how each value from the implicit schema determined by the citation-examples is represented in each format, and what formats have additional properties that do not map between them. (For example, Format1 calls 'author' 'author', in format2 'author' is called 'writer'. etc)

Brainstorming

Issues

The citation-issues page is intended to capture ongoing issues.

To Do

Modularity

This microformat should be developed as a module that can be used in other microformats. Once developed and flushed out, citation references could easily be used for publications on a Resume/CV (e.g. in an hResume), therefore the citation microformat would be a module (subset) of all the possible Resume Values.

Other Microformats that could use the Citation Module

Other microformats that the Citation Module could/should re-use

References

Informative References

Most of these should be moved to citation-formats and documented accordingly.

Copyright

Public Domain Contribution Requirement. Since the author(s) released this work into the public domain, in order to maintain this work's public domain status, all contributors to this page agree to release their contributions to this page to the public domain as well. Contributors may indicate their agreement by adding the public domain release template to their user page per the Voluntary Public Domain Declarations instructions. Unreleased contributions may be reverted/removed.

It's been long enough that we should begin going through the edit history and removing/replacing pre-2007-12-29 content in order to bring this page fully into the public domain. Tantek 00:53, 20 July 2011 (UTC)

Once the entire history has been PD-cleared, we can remove the Authors and Copyright sections, and simply include the PD template {{cc-pd-license}} instead.

See Also

Citation microformat efforts was last modified: Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

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