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__NOTOC__
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{{DISPLAYTITLE:Welcome to the microformats wiki!}}
<h1>Microformats Wiki</h1>
 
  
'''Hello!''' Welcome to the microformats wiki. If this is your first visit, please see the [[introduction]] page.
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'''<dfn>microformats</dfn>''' are HTML for marking up [[h-card|people, organizations]], [[h-event|events]], [[h-adr|locations]], [[h-entry|blog posts]], [[h-product|products]], [[h-review|reviews]], [[h-resume|resumes]], [[h-recipe|recipes]] etc. Sites use microformats to publish a standard API that is consumed and used by [[search engines]], [[browsers]], and other web sites. See [[what-are-microformats]] for more.
  
Please read [[how-to-play]] before making any edits.
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* See '''[[microformats2]]''' for a technical overview and summary of how to use microformats on public web pages and for APIs.
  
Please read [[process]] before proposing any new microformats.
+
==Introduction==
 +
{{main|introduction}}
 +
This wiki is the central resource of the microformats community and provides microformats authoring guides, references, specifications, drafts, publishing patterns, research, brainstorming, and issue tracking.
  
__TOC__
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== Get Started==
 +
{{main|get-started}}
 +
Get started with microformats:
  
==Getting Started==
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* Make sure your pages and web apps use proper ‘[[posh|<abbr title="Plain Old Semantic HTML">POSH</abbr>]]’ <abbr title="HyperText Mark-up Language">HTML</abbr>.
 +
* Mark-up your contact info with [[h-card]], link to other profiles with [[rel-me]]
 +
* Mark-up your blog with [[h-entry]]. See https://indieweb.org/ for more
 +
* Questions? Read the [[faq|frequently asked questions]], ask on [[IRC]]
 +
* Want to learn more in person? Check out microformats [[events]]
  
[[what-are-microformats|What are microformats]]? [[what-can-you-do-with-microformats|What can you do with them]]?
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== How to contribute ==
 +
Want to join in and contribute?
 +
 
 +
* [[get-started|Get started]] by adding microformats to your website, services, and products
 +
* Join the [[irc|IRC Channel]] to learn and help answer questions.
 +
* Write a [[testimonial]]
 +
* Do something on the [[to-do|to do list]].
 +
* [[Main_Page#microformats_wiki_translations|Translate this microformats wiki into other languages]] to make microformats more accessible to readers of languages around the world.
 +
* Before proposing any new microformats, make sure your website is [[POSH]], [[get-started|uses existing microformats]], and then read the [[process]].
  
The [http://microformats.org/about/ about page], [http://microformats.org/ latest news], plus recent [[press]], [[presentations]], [[podcasts]], and [[screencasts]] are also good places for some background information. Our [[cheatsheets]] are handy if you need a quick reminder about a particular microformat.
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This wiki has a number of enhancements to assist development and contributions to microformats. Before you start editing, see the [[wiki-2|wiki introduction page]] for instructions.
  
Frequently asked questions about the wiki and microformats in general are answered in the [[faq|FAQ]], and there is a [[glossary]].  
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== Specifications ==
 +
'''[[microformats2]]''' is stable, has a test suite, publishers, and interoperable implementations. Use it on public web pages and developing more parsers and applications.
  
Want to learn more in person? Check out [[events|microformats events]].
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Current, stable microformats open standard specifications:
 +
* [[h-adr]]
 +
* [[h-card]]
 +
* [[h-entry]]
 +
* [[h-event]]
 +
* [[h-feed]]
 +
* [[h-geo]]
 +
* [[h-item]]
 +
* [[h-listing]]
 +
* [[h-product]]
 +
* [[h-recipe]]
 +
* [[h-resume]]
 +
* [[h-review]]
 +
* [[h-review-aggregate]]
  
==Definition==
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=== rel microformats ===
 +
Some microformats require only a rel attribute and are widely supported by consuming sites and software.
 +
* [[rel-author]] - link to the author's home page (from an article)
 +
* [[rel-enclosure]] - link to attachments (e.g. files) to download and cache
 +
* [[rel-license]] - licensed content
 +
* [[rel-nofollow]] - links in untrusted 3rd party content
 +
* [[rel-tag]] - tag posts and pages by subject
 +
* [[XFN]] - social relationships and [[rel-me]] links among profiles for the same person
  
One popular definition from our [http://microformats.org/discuss/ mailing list] (see also: [[mailing-lists]]) is "simple conventions for embedding semantics in HTML to enable decentralized development." More precisely, microformats can be defined as:
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=== Classic Microformats ===
:simple conventions
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In addition use well established classic microformats for the primary subject of a page for legacy [[search engines]] support.
:for embedding semantic markup
 
::for a specific problem domain
 
:in human-readable (X)HTML/XML documents, Atom/RSS feeds, and "plain" XML
 
::that normalize existing content usage patterns
 
::using brief, descriptive class names
 
::often based on existing interoperable standards
 
:to enable decentralized development
 
::of resources, tools, and services
 
  
Simply put: "Microformats are a codification of convention." -- [http://easy-reader.net Aaron Gustafson]
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* [[hatom|hAtom]] - blog posts and other date-stamped content
 +
* [[hcalendar|hCalendar]] - events
 +
* [[hcard|hCard]] - people, organizations, contacts
 +
* [[hlisting|hListing]] - listings for products or services
 +
* [[hmedia|hMedia]] - media info about images, video, audio
 +
* [[hproduct|hProduct]] - products
 +
* [[hrecipe|hRecipe]] - cooking+baking recipes
 +
* [[hresume|hResume]] - individual resumes and CVs
 +
* [[hreview|hReview]] - individual reviews and ratings
 +
* [[hreview-aggregate|hReview-aggregate]] - aggregate reviews and ratings
  
"Or do you just use your browser to browse? That's so 20th century." -- [http://diveintomark.org Mark Pilgrim]
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* [[adr|adr]] - address location information
 +
* [[geo|geo]] - latitude &amp; longitude location ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WGS84 WGS84] geographic coordinates)
  
== How to contribute ==
+
=== Drafts ===
 +
Drafts are classic microformats which have varying degrees of support by consuming applications. They are stable and yet still open to change based on consuming application support, per the [[process]] to become specifications.
  
Do you want to help take microformats to the next level?  You can:
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* [[hnews|hNews]] - news articles, extension of hAtom
  
*Check out our open [[to-do|to do list]] for things to help get done.
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* [[rel-home]] - link to the homepage of a site
*Join the [http://microformats.org/discuss mailing lists] and [[irc|IRC Channel]] to learn and help answer questions about microformats.
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* [[rel-payment]] - link to a payment mechanism
*[[advocacy|Advocate]] the use of microformats.
 
*help to [[Main_Page#microformats_wiki_in_other_languages|translate the microformats wiki into other languages]] to make microformats globally accessible.
 
  
== Specifications ==
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* [[XMDP]] - define a microformat vocabulary / profile
[[microformats|Microformats]] open standards specifications (see also: [[implementations]])
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* [[xoxo|XOXO]] - outlines
* [[hcalendar|hCalendar]] - [http://microformats.org/code/hcalendar/creator hcalendar creator]
 
* [[hcard|hCard]] - [http://microformats.org/code/hcard/creator hcard creator]
 
* [[rel-license]]
 
* [[rel-nofollow]]
 
* [[rel-tag]]
 
* [[vote-links|VoteLinks]]
 
* [http://gmpg.org/xfn/ XFN] (see also: [[xfn-implementations]])
 
* [http://gmpg.org/xmdp/ XMDP]
 
* [[xoxo|XOXO]]
 
  
== Drafts ==
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''If you're tempted to try your hand at writing a microformat please read '''[[process|the process]]''' page first!'' and then take a look at [[exploratory-discussions]] for details of prior research, analysis of real-world [[examples]], existing formats, and brainstorming of possible new microformats, per the microformats [[process]].
* [[adr|adr]]
 
* [[geo|geo]]
 
* [[hatom|hAtom]]
 
* [[hresume|hResume]]
 
* [[hreview|hReview]] - [http://microformats.org/code/hreview/creator hreview creator]
 
* [[rel-directory]]
 
* [[rel-enclosure]]
 
* [[rel-home]]
 
* [[relpayment-research | rel-payment]]
 
* [[robots-exclusion|Robots Exclusion]]
 
* [[xfolk|xFolk]]
 
  
 
== Design Patterns ==
 
== Design Patterns ==
 
 
{{design_patterns}} <!-- this can be edited in /wiki/Template:design_patterns -->
 
{{design_patterns}} <!-- this can be edited in /wiki/Template:design_patterns -->
  
== Exploratory Discussions ==
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== Archived ==
Research and analysis of real-world [[examples]], existing formats, and brainstorming to motivate the microformat. Please check [[rejected-formats]] before making additions.
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Past specifications, drafts, and exploratory discussions which have either lacked (or lost) wide publishing support, implementation, or have been superceded by newer specs (see also [[process#related_issues_questions_regarding_document_stages|when does it make sense to demote a microformat spec]]). These may eventually be retired, deprecated, or reincorporated into other exploratory discussions.
 +
* [[haudio|hAudio]]
 +
* [[robots-exclusion|robots exclusion]]
 +
* [[xfolk|xFolk]] - tagged links
  
*alternates [[alternates-brainstorming|alternates brainstorming]], [[alternates-examples|alternates examples]]
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* [[rel-directory]] - link to web directories
*[[attention]]
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* [[vote-links|VoteLinks]]
* blog description [[blog-description-examples|blog description examples]]
 
* blog info [[blog-info-examples|blog info examples]]
 
* blog post [[blog-post-examples|examples]], [[blog-post-formats|blog post formats]], and [[blog-post-brainstorming|blog post brainstorming]] (yielded the [[hatom|hAtom]] draft)
 
* book [[book-examples|book examples]], [[book-formats|book formats]], and [[book-brainstorming|book brainstorming]]
 
* chat [[chat-examples|chat examples]], [[chat-formats|chat formats]], and [[chat-brainstorming|chat brainstorming]]
 
* citation [[citation|citation effort]], [[citation-examples|citation examples]], [[citation-formats|citation formats]], [[citation-brainstorming|citation brainstorming]], and [[citation-faq|citation FAQ]]
 
* comment [[comment-problem|comment problem]], [[comment-examples|comment examples]], and [[comments-formats|comment formats]] (Some stuff needs to be extracted from [[comments-formats]])
 
* [[collection-description|collection description]] {{NewMarker}}
 
* [[course-catalog]]; [[course-catalog-examples]] {{NewMarker}}
 
* [[currency]]; [[currency-examples]]; [[currency-brainstorming]]; [[currency-proposal]]; [[currency-issues]]
 
* directions [[directions-examples|directions examples]] {{NewMarker}}
 
* directory inclusion [[directory-inclusion-examples|directory inclusion examples]], [[directory-inclusion-formats|directory inclusion formats]]. (see also [[rel-directory]])
 
* distributed conversation [[distributed-conversation|distributed conversation overview]], [[distributed-conversation-brainstorming|distributed conversation brainstorming]], [[distributed-conversation-examples|distributed conversation examples]], and [[distributed-conversation-formats|distributed conversation formats]]
 
* forms [[forms-examples|forms examples]]
 
* genealogy [[genealogy-formats|genealogy examples]]
 
* group [[group-brainstorming|group brainstorming]] and [[group-examples|group examples]]
 
* items [[items-brainstorming|items brainstorming]] and [[items-examples|items examples]
 
* hash [[hash-examples|hash examples]]
 
* job listing [[job-listing-examples|job listing examples]] and [[job-listing-brainstorming|job listing brainstorming]]
 
* last modified [[last-modified-examples|last modified examples]], [[last-modified-formats|last modified formats]], and [[last-modified-brainstorming|last modified brainstorming]]
 
* hListing [[hlisting-proposal|hListing proposal]], and [[hlisting-feedback|hListing feedback]]
 
** Also, listing [[listing-examples|examples]], [[listing-formats|formats]], and [[listing-brainstorming|brainstorming]]
 
* [[product|hProduct]] - [[product-brainstorming|hProduct brainstorming]] | [[product-examples|hProduct examples]]
 
* location [[location-formats|location formats]]. (see also [[adr]] and [[geo]])
 
* [[luna]] ([[geo]]-like co-ordinates, for places on The Moon) - see also [[geo-extension-strawman]] a possible implementation {{UpdateMarker}}
 
* [[mars]] ([[geo]]-like co-ordinates, for places on the planet Mars) - see also [[geo-extension-strawman]] a possible implementation {{UpdateMarker}}
 
* measures and measurement units [[measure]]
 
* [[media-info]] ([[media-info-examples|media-info examples]], [[media-info-formats|media-info formats]], [[media-info-brainstorming|media-info brainstorming]])
 
* meeting minutes [[meeting-minutes-examples|meeting minutes examples]], [[meeting-minutes-formats|meeting minutes formats]], and [[meeting-minutes-brainstorming|meeting minutes brainstorming]]
 
* metalink [[metalink-examples|metalink examples]] {{NewMarker}}
 
* microsummary [[microsummary-brainstorming|microsummary brainstorming]]
 
* [[mfo-examples|MFO examples]]
 
* music [[music-examples|music examples]]
 
* photo note [[photo-note-examples|photo note examples]]
 
*[[question-answer]], [[question-answer-brainstorming]]; [[question-answer-examples]] {{NewMarker}}
 
* recipe [[recipe-examples|recipe examples]], [[recipe-brainstorming]] {{UpdateMarker}}
 
* rel-product [[rel-product-brainstorming|rel-product brainstorming]]
 
* requirements testing [[requirements-testing|requirements testing overview]], and [[requirements-testing-examples|requirements testing examples]]
 
* [[rest-examples|REST examples]]
 
* resume [[resume-brainstorming|resume brainstorming]], and [[resume-formats|resume formats]]
 
* review [[review-examples|review examples]], and [[review-formats|review formats]] (yielded the [[hreview|hReview]] draft)
 
* search results [[search-results-example|search results example]]
 
* show [[show-brainstorming|show brainstorming]]
 
* showroll [[showroll-brainstorming|brainstorming]]
 
* [[species]] - for the marking up of the scientific names of living things: [[species-examples]]; [[species-brainstorming]] {{UpdateMarker}}
 
* table [[table-examples|examples]]
 
* tagspeak [[tagspeak-examples|tagspeak examples]]
 
* tagcloud [[tagcloud-examples|tagcloud examples]], and [[tagcloud-brainstorming|tagcloud  brainstorming]].
 
* transit table [[transit-table-examples|transit table examples]]
 
* [[uid]]
 
* widget [[widget-examples|widget examples]], and [[widget-brainstorming|widget brainstorming]]
 
* [[wiki-formats|wiki formats]]
 
* work of art [[work-of-art|work of art overview]], [[workofart-examples|work of art examples]], [[workofart-formats|work of art formats]], and [[workofart-brainstorming|work of art brainstorming]]
 
*[[xmdp-brainstorming|XMDP brainstorming]] (see also [[xmdp-faq]])
 
  
 
== Examples ==
 
== Examples ==
* [[examples]]
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* [[examples-in-the-wild]]
 +
* [[implementations]]
 
* [[zen-garden]]
 
* [[zen-garden]]
  
== Tools, Test Cases and Additional Research ==
+
== Resources ==
 
+
See [[resources]].
The first place to look for examples, code, and test cases is in the pages for each individual microformat. There are only a few cross-cutting tools and services that need to process more than one microformat. This section is intended for editors, parsers, validators, test cases, and other information relevant across multiple microformats.
 
  
*[[accessibility]]
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== User centric development ==
*[[faqs-for-rdf]]
+
*[[user-interface]]
*[[icalendar-implementations]]
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*[[data-portability]]
*[[parsing-microformats]]
+
*[[social-network-portability]]
*[[selected-test-cases-from-the-web]]
+
*[http://indiewebcamp.com/ indieweb]
*[http://hg.microformats.org/ Source code repository] -- [[mercurial-quick-start|HowTo: Download code from the repository]]
 
*[[vcard-implementations]], [[vcard-errata]], [[vcard-suggestions]]
 
*[[why-are-content-standards-hard]]
 
  
== shared work areas ==
+
== Shared work areas ==
* [[buttons]]
 
* [[spread-microformats]] {{NewMarker}}
 
* [[demo]] - a page with links for quickly demonstrating microformats working in practice.
 
* [[events]]
 
 
* [[to-do]]
 
* [[to-do]]
* [[user-interface]]
+
* [[templates]]
* [[marked-for-deletion]]
+
* [http://microformats.org/wiki/delete pages for deletion] <!-- keep as external link; removes from "what links here" -->
* [[microformats-issues]] {{NewMarker}} - issues related to more than one microformat.
+
* [[Special:Specialpages|"Special" wiki pages]]
 +
* [[year-in-review]]
  
== microformats wiki in other languages ==
+
== Tools, test cases, additional research ==
 +
The first place to look for examples, code, and test cases is in the pages for each individual microformat. There are only a few cross-cutting [[tools|tools and services]] that need to process more than one microformat. That section is intended for editors, [[parsers]], [[validators]], test cases, and other information relevant across multiple microformats.
  
 +
<span id="microformats_wiki_translations"><span id="microformats_wiki_translations_in_other_languages">&nbsp;</span></span>
 +
== Microformats wiki translations ==
 
You may read and edit microformats articles in many other languages:
 
You may read and edit microformats articles in many other languages:
  
* languages with over 50 articles
+
* languages with over 100 articles
** [[Main_Page-fr|Français (French)]] {{UpdateMarker-fr}}
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** [[Main_Page-fr|<span lang="fr">Français</span> (French)]] <span lang="fr">{{UpdateMarker-fr}}</span>
 
* languages with over 10 articles
 
* languages with over 10 articles
** [[Main_Page-pt-br| Português (Brazilian Portuguese)]] {{NewMarker-pt-br}}
+
** [[Main_Page-ja|<span lang="ja">日本語</span> (Japanese)]]
** [[Main_Page-ja|日本語 (Japanese)]]
+
** [[Main_Page-pt-br|<span lang="pt-br">Português</span> (Brazilian Portuguese)]]
 +
** [[Main_Page-ru|<span lang="ru">Русский</span> (Russian)]]
 
* languages with over 2 articles
 
* languages with over 2 articles
** [[Main_Page-es|Español (Spanish)]]
+
** [[Main_Page-cs|<span lang="cs">Česky</span> (Czech)]]
** [[Main_Page-de|Deutsch (German)]]
+
** [[Main_Page-zh|<span lang="zh">汉语</span> (Chinese)]]
 
+
** [[Main_Page-de|<span lang="de">Deutsch</span> (German)]]
==== microformats translations elsewhere ====
+
** [[Main_Page-es|<span lang="es">Español</span> (Spanish)]]
These are off-site pages/sites with translations about microformats. If you are working on one of these, please consider translating the main microformats website!
+
** [[Main_Page-gl|<span lang="gl">Galego</span> (Galician)]]
* [http://mikroformate.pbwiki.com/ Deutsch (German) mikroformate.pbwiki.com] {{NewMarker-de}}
+
** [[Main_Page-id|<span lang="id">Indonesia</span> (Bahasa Indonesia)]]
 
+
** [[Main_Page-pl|<span lang="pl">Polski</span> (Polish)]]
=== Start a microformats wiki in another language ===
+
** [[Main_Page-ro|<span lang="ro">Română</span> (Romanian)]]
 
+
* languages just started
Don't see the language you want? Help translate the microformats wiki into another language!
+
** [[Main_Page-ar|<span lang="ar">العربية</span> (Arabic)]]
 
+
** [[Main_Page-fa|<span lang="fa">پارسی</span> (Farsi)]]
We're still figuring this out. 
+
** [[Main_Page-ka|<span lang="ka">ქართული</span> (Georgian)]] {{NewMarker}} <!-- 2013 -->
 
+
** [[Main_Page-it|<span lang="it">Italiano</span> (Italian)]]
For now, see the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Multilingual_coordination Wikipedia page on Multilingual coordination], and [http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/How_to_start_a_new_Wikipedia How to start a new Wikipedia] for some good general tips, advice, and community conventions.
+
** [[Main_Page-ko|<span lang="ko">한국어</span> (Korean)]]
 
+
** [[Main_Page-th|<span lang="th">ภาษาไทย</span> (Thai)]]
You may want to start with the list of [[stable-pages]], which are pages that are relatively stable, and have only minimal/editorial changes, which makes them much easier to keep in sync with the English versions, by using the [[Special:Watchlist|my watchlist]] feature (use it to watch the pages you've translated for changes).
+
** [[Main_Page-tr|<span lang="tr">Türkçe</span> (Turkish)]] {{NewMarker}} <!-- 2012-328 -->
 
+
* elsewhere
Page naming: for the translated version of a page, use the same name for the page, and simply add the RFC 3066 language identifier code as a dash suffix. E.g. for the French version, [[Main_Page]] becomes [[Main_Page-fr]], and [[how-to-play]] becomes [[how-to-play-fr]].
+
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microformat Wikipedia's article on microformats] has been translated into a number of languages.
  
==== more languages folks want to see ====
+
See also [[other-languages]], and [[how-to-start-new-translation|how-to-start-a-new-translation]].
  
* Chinese: 微格式 (Microformats) (see [http://msittig.blogspot.com/2005/11/since-i-translated-schedule-of.html source of translation])
+
== community ==
* Does somebody want to see a Dutch translation???
+
<span class="h-card"><strong class="p-name p-org">microformats.org</strong> is <span class="p-note">a community focused on using an empirical (rather than aspirational) [[process]] to research web data & information human publishing behaviors, openly document it on our wiki (<span class="p-url p-uid">http://microformats.org/wiki/</span>), discuss it in [[IRC]] (<span class="p-url">irc://irc.freenode.net/microformats</span>), then brainstorm ideas & proposals based on that research for simple formats based on HTML to interoperably represent that information on the web, incrementally implement, and iterate.</span></span>

Latest revision as of 16:01, 18 July 2020


microformats are HTML for marking up people, organizations, events, locations, blog posts, products, reviews, resumes, recipes etc. Sites use microformats to publish a standard API that is consumed and used by search engines, browsers, and other web sites. See What are microformats? for more.

  • See microformats2 for a technical overview and summary of how to use microformats on public web pages and for APIs.

Introduction

Main article: Introduction to Microformats

This wiki is the central resource of the microformats community and provides microformats authoring guides, references, specifications, drafts, publishing patterns, research, brainstorming, and issue tracking.

Get Started

Main article: Get Started

Get started with microformats:

How to contribute

Want to join in and contribute?

This wiki has a number of enhancements to assist development and contributions to microformats. Before you start editing, see the wiki introduction page for instructions.

Specifications

microformats2 is stable, has a test suite, publishers, and interoperable implementations. Use it on public web pages and developing more parsers and applications.

Current, stable microformats open standard specifications:

rel microformats

Some microformats require only a rel attribute and are widely supported by consuming sites and software.

Classic Microformats

In addition use well established classic microformats for the primary subject of a page for legacy search engines support.

  • adr - address location information
  • Geo - latitude & longitude location (WGS84 geographic coordinates)

Drafts

Drafts are classic microformats which have varying degrees of support by consuming applications. They are stable and yet still open to change based on consuming application support, per the The microformats process to become specifications.

  • hNews - news articles, extension of hAtom
  • XMDP - define a microformat vocabulary / profile
  • XOXO - outlines

If you're tempted to try your hand at writing a microformat please read the process page first! and then take a look at Exploratory Discussions for details of prior research, analysis of real-world Best Practices for Examples Pages, existing formats, and brainstorming of possible new microformats, per the microformats The microformats process.

Design Patterns

Design patterns are common uses of markup across microformats.

Archived

Past specifications, drafts, and exploratory discussions which have either lacked (or lost) wide publishing support, implementation, or have been superceded by newer specs (see also when does it make sense to demote a microformat spec). These may eventually be retired, deprecated, or reincorporated into other exploratory discussions.

Examples

Resources

See resources.

User centric development

Shared work areas

Tools, test cases, additional research

The first place to look for examples, code, and test cases is in the pages for each individual microformat. There are only a few cross-cutting tools and services that need to process more than one microformat. That section is intended for editors, Microformats Parsers, microformats validators, test cases, and other information relevant across multiple microformats.

 

Microformats wiki translations

You may read and edit microformats articles in many other languages:

See also List of microformats wiki translations, and how-to-start-a-new-translation.

community

microformats.org is a community focused on using an empirical (rather than aspirational) The microformats process to research web data & information human publishing behaviors, openly document it on our wiki (http://microformats.org/wiki/), discuss it in #microformats on freenode (irc://irc.freenode.net/microformats), then brainstorm ideas & proposals based on that research for simple formats based on HTML to interoperably represent that information on the web, incrementally implement, and iterate.