Difference between revisions of "audio-info-examples"

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==== Analysis of Music Podcasts ====
 
==== Analysis of Music Podcasts ====
  
'''Podcast Statistics'''
+
'''Podcast Statistics (8 sites analyzed)'''
 
* 100%: RSS Feed
 
* 100%: RSS Feed
 
* 100%: artist
 
* 100%: artist
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Shown below is the most popular information listed for music albums. This includes analysis of over 85 online music sites.
 
Shown below is the most popular information listed for music albums. This includes analysis of over 85 online music sites.
  
'''Album Statistics'''
+
'''Album Statistics (85 sites analyzed)'''
 
* 100%: artist
 
* 100%: artist
 
* 92%: title
 
* 92%: title
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Shown below is the most popular information listed for songs. Keep in mind that along with the information listed below - for over 80% of the cases, album information was listed on the same page.
 
Shown below is the most popular information listed for songs. Keep in mind that along with the information listed below - for over 80% of the cases, album information was listed on the same page.
  
'''Song/Track Statistics'''
+
'''Song/Track Statistics (85 sites analyzed)'''
 
* 95%: title
 
* 95%: title
 
* 69%: track number
 
* 69%: track number

Revision as of 01:45, 13 April 2007

Audio Info

The web has been incorporating multimedia into its pages ever since the release of the Mosaic web browser around 1993. It was shortly thereafter that links to many types of audio started to appear on the web. Even today (April 2007), it is still difficult for a web browser to extract semantic information regarding audio recordings from a web page. Information such as artist, title, speaker, track listing, and publisher are readily available on the same web page that contains the links to the audio files. The Audio Info exploratory discussion is an attempt to create a standard method of marking up metadata and information about one or more audio recordings discussed on a web page.

The Problem

It is difficult for a browser to extract semantic information about an audio recording described on a web page. Metadata such as speaker, musician, publisher, label, title of the work, release date, acquisition link, related image artwork and tags provide relevant context for the audio recording.

Having such information marked up can provide a number of benefits to the viewer. If a web browser understands that a particular web page contains a song performed by an artist, it can produce richer interactions. For example, specific searches may be performed for artists and songs via general search services such as Google and Wikipedia. Specific search services may also be queried such as MusicBrainz, The Internet Archive, FreeDB, or Bitmunk. Additionally, classification by crawlers can become more accurate. If there are 20 tracks found on a page done by the same artist, and that content consumes a significant portion of the page, it can be assumed that the page is not only about music, but also about a particular artist.

The audio information need not be associated with a file. Note that audio content (The Payback by James Brown) is very different from the audio file format (192Kbps, stereo MP3). The goal of this discussion is to create a Microformat draft for marking up audio metadata and information.

A NOTE ABOUT CONTRIBUTING - USE TEMPLATES

Due to the large number of audio sites, tallying statistical information for this discussion is difficult. A small python script has been written to do the job, but for it to work, we need to be careful about how we mark up information.

Please use the following template when adding information about an audio collection description:

* [ http://www.example.com Website Name]
** [ http://www.example.com/album_example/ Album Example]
*** Information displayed: artist, title, tracks, release date, label, genre, web-based purchase, cover image, 
                           price, format, sample, length, summary, physical-based purchase, publisher, reviews 

Please use the following template when adding information about an audio song, track or sample description:

* [ http://www.example.com Website Name]
** [ http://www.example.com/song_example/ Song Example]
*** Information displayed: title, track number, sample, web-based purchase, artist, price, length, release date, album, genre, format, rating, label 

If you need to add more information that is displayed, please use a common term to describe the information. For example, if you need to mention that an artists hometown is mentioned, adding a term such as hometown would be acceptable.

Authors

Contributors

  • Tantek Çelik
  • Dean Hudson
  • Martin McEvoy
  • Mary Hodder
  • Scott Reynen

Real-World Examples

Speech

Publication of audio speeches on blogs is often called "podcasting". In essence though, it is simply audio speech publishing. Quotes of audio files are beginning to appear, and publishers are putting up files with links to other audio files they've quoted from. Most audio appears to often have the same base elements as video and photos, with the exception of quotes.

Individual Publishing of Speech

  • Microformats: Web Essentials Audio
    • Appears to be composed of:
      • title/summary of the recording
      • clickable hyperlink to the recording (MP3)
    • Contextual:
      • (primary) speaker is indicated in nearby text
  • Chris Pirillo podcast
    • This example has a Title, Html URL, media URL(s), description or summary, categories/tags underneath what is viewable, and date. +10k
  • Evil Genius Chronicles podcast
    • This example has a Title, Html URL, description or summary, quotes URLs and descriptions, licence, creator, tags and publish time and date. +10k records.
  • media published from a blog, Jake Steinfeld's Audio Blog NOTE: this record had trouble because mediawiki blocks any DOTbiz domains and so while this domain coincidentally has a DOTbizbyjake.com name that is not a TLD, it was still blocked in the loading of the page with this example. So please adjust the URL manually and then visit the site.
    • This example has a Title, Html URL, media URL, creator and publish time and date. +10k records.
  • Buzz Out Loud
    • episode example
      • Information displayed: Title, episode summary, length, date
      • Information displayed on a separated page: Title, episode summary, lenght, date, show links, voice mail, emails received

Music

Individual Publishing of Music

  • Brad Sucks » music
    • Has album title, song title, separate link to more info, inline flash player, and play link (to mp3)
  • Portishead Remixed
    • Whole page is for one album (a mash-up remix of a Portishead album). Has Album Track Number and Title (linked to mp3) and Remixer's name, plus cover art. Also a link to the BitTorrent download of the whole album.

Music Podcasting

Music podcasts are a totally different beast, but a very important one. They usually consist of one big file containg multiples songs, speech, audio advertising and prerecorded audio (such as voicemail or promos). Podcasts consists of multiple songs and therefore might need another microformat, one that makes a collection of multiple songs and only one file.

  • Coverville
    • Example episode
      • Information displayed: title, artist, full length song, web-based purchase, album, original artist (it's a cover show), episode summary, full length song, mp3 download, RSS Feed
  • Magnatune podcasts
    • episode example
      • Information displayed: title, sample, web-based purchase, artist, flash player, episode summary, full length song, mp3 download, RSS Feed
  • Radio Clash
    • episode example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, artist website, download link, image, episode summary , full length song, mp3 download, RSS Feed
  • Daily Source Code
    • episode example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, artist website, download link, voicemail phone number, sponsor link, episode summary, full length song, mp3 download, RSS Feed
  • Accidenth hash
    • episode example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, artist website, download link, flash player, episode summary, full length song, mp3 download, RSS Feed
  • Veer cast
    • episode example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, download link, show links, episode summary, full length song, mp3 download, RSS Feed

Service Publishing of Music

  • AudioFind
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), title, genre (link), style (link), release date, label, summary, web-based purchase (link), price, artist rating, album rating, cover image
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, length, rating, price, sample (link), web-based purchase (link)
  • Telstra BigPond
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), title, genre, release date, label, summary, web-based purchase (link), subscriber price, non-subscriber price, cover image
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, artist, album, price, add to pop-list (link), sample (link), web-based purchase (link)
  • Bitmunk
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist, album title, publisher, release date, genre (link), summary, long description, payees, total price, sample (link), tracks, web-based purchase (link), cover image, p2p-based purchase (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: artist, song title, composer, publisher, release date, genres, album, payees, total price, web-based purchase (link), p2p-based purchase (link)
  • Download Punk
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), label (link), physical-based purchase (link), web-based purchase (link), cover image
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, sample (link), price, web-based purchase (link)
  • FYE
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), format, release date, label (link), UPC, product id, genre, styles, cover image, regular price, store price, savings, physical-based purchase (link), tracks, description, reviews, production credits
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, artist
  • iMusic
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), cover image, genre, release date, publisher, number of tracks, length, tracks, web-based purchase (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, length, sample (link), release date, price, web-based purchase (link)
  • AON Music
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), album, cover image, price, format, bitrate, label, genre, number of tracks, sample (link), add bookmark (link), web-based purchase (link), tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, length, format, price, sample (link), add bookmark (link), web-based purchase (link)
  • MSN
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), title, release date, label, album rating, cover image,
    • Song Example (store wasn't working correctly - no song info found)
  • TDC Online
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), length, release date, label, format, cover image, web-based purchase (link), price, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title (link), price, sample (link), web-based purchase (link)
  • Audio Lunchbox
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), label (link), genre (link), release date (link), cover image, format, bitrate, price, price in credits, web-based purchase (link), add to wishlist (link), sample (flash applet), tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, length, price, price in credits, web-based purchase (link), sample (flash applet)
  • Chaos Music
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), cover image, genre, format, release date, price, physical-based purchase (link), add to wishlist (link), tracks, description, availability
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title
  • Sony Connect
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), cover image, genre (link), release date, label, length, publisher, price, web-based purchase (link), tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, length, price, sample (link), web-based purchase (link)
  • Digirama
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), genre (link), label, cover image, release date, price, web-based purchase (link), license, related albums, also bought, reviews, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, length, sample (link), price, web-based purchase (link)
  • eMusic
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), sample (link), save to playlist (link), genre (link), styles (link), label (link), album rating, reviews, length, tracks, web-based purchase (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, sample (link), tracks, length, web-based purchase (link)
  • FNAC
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), cover image, length, add to playlist (link), web-based purchase (link), tracks, price, genre
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: sample (link), add to playlist (link), track number, title, length, web-based purchase (link), price
  • Sanity
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), cover image, release date, catalog ID, SKU, label, price, price in points, summary, tracks, physical-based purchase (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title
  • MisRolas
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), cover image, release date, number of tracks, album rating, price, web-based purchase (link), tracks, reviews
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, sample (link), artist, price, web-based purchase (link), add to wishlist (link)
  • MTV
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title (link), artist (link), cover image, release date, label, tracks, physical-based purchase (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, sample (link), video sample (link)
  • Musica360
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, price, samples (flash), cover image, tracks, web-based purchase (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, price, web-based purchase (link)
  • Musicload
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), price, rating, genre, length, quality, release date, label, sample (link), web-based purchase (link), tracks, comments
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), album (link), price, rating, genre, length, quality, release date, label, sample (link), web-based purchase (link), comments
  • Napster
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), release date, track count, label, sample (link), share (link), web-based purchase (link), review, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), title, track number, album title, length, web-based purchase (link)
  • PartyMob
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), total length, release date, format, quality, genre, sample (link), price, web-based purchase (link), tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, length, release date, format, quality, genre, sample (link), price, web-based purchase (link), DRM information
  • Peer Impact
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), price, purchase (application link), format, track count, genre, release date, label, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, sample (link), title, artist (link), length, price
  • Pure Tracks
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist, title, label, total length, disc count, release date, price, web-based purchase (link), DRM information, tracks
    • Song Example (in popup window)
      • Information displayed: track number, sample (link), title, artist, length, price, web-based purchase (link), label (popup)
  • Reggae Country
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, release date, label, web-based purchse (link), price, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: sample (link), track number, title, artist, length, web-based purchase (link), price
  • Ruckus
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, release date, genre, label, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, length
  • Sanity
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), release date, catalog id, label, price, web-based purchase (link), tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: sample, track number, title
  • Starzik SARL
    • Album Example (hidden url)
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), genre, label, release date, length, format, bitrate, size, web-based purchase (link), tracks
    • Song Example (hidden url, separate from album example)
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), album title, genre, label, release date, length, creators, composer, performance artist, format, bitrate, size, web-based purchase (link)
  • CellCity
    • [1] Album Example]
      • Information displayed: artist, label, release date, genre, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, price, web-based purchase (link)
  • top100.cn
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), release date, sample (link), web-based purchase (link), label (link), genre (link), long description, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), label (link), genre (link), price, sample (link), web-based purchase (link), description, comments
  • Wippit
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), price, genre (link), format, release date, tracks, web-based purchase (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), album (link), genre, format, release date, size, track number, file type, price, web-based purchase link
  • Yanga
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), genre (link), release date, label, price, web-based purchase (link), rating, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: sample, track number, title, length, rating, price, web-based purchase (link)
  • somesongs
    • [Album Example]
      • Information displayed:
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist (link), rating, sample (link), summary, reviews, release date
  • Magnatune
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), title, cover image, total time, length, release date, artist location (link), web-based purchase (link), physical-based purchase (link), license (link), tracks, summary
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, title, length, sample (link)
  • SONG FIGHT!
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), cover image, artist location, summary, title,
    • [ Song Example]
      • Information displayed: release date, sample (link), title
  • Yes.com
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: cover image, artist (link)
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: cover image, artist (link), rank, web-based purchase (link), played-by radio station
  • MySpace
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist, title, sample (link), cover image, number of plays, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: artist, title, number of plays, sample (link), lyrics (link)
  • MusicBrainz.org
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), title, cover image, tracks, disc id
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, length, id (link), length, album (link), album id (link), artist, artist id (link), relationship (link), track number
  • Vorbis Comment Recommendations
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist, publisher, copyright, disc number, isrc, ean/upn, label, label catalog number, license, opus, source media, title, version, encoded-by, encoding, composer, arranger, lyricist, author, conductor, performer, ensemble, part, part number, genre, release date, location, comment
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: album, artist, publisher, copyright, disc number, isrc, ean/upn, label, label number, license, opus, source media, title, track number, version, encoded-by, encoding, composer, arranger, lyricist, author, conductor, performer, ensemble, part, part number, genre, release date, location, comment
  • iTunes RSS extensions
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: title, website (link), language, licensing, summary, description, owner, owner e-mail, cover image, genre
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: title, artist, summary, description, sample (link), length, format, id, release date, tags
  • Discogs
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: artist, title, label (link), catalog id, format, country, release date, genre, style, notes, rating, tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: artist (link), title, track number
  • Last.fm
    • Album Example
      • Information displayed: cover image, artist, title, release date, label (link), number of tracks, sample (link), physical-based purchase (link), tracks
    • Song Example
      • Information displayed: track number, sample (link), title, length, number of plays
In-active Music Services

Analysis

Analysis of Music Podcasts

Podcast Statistics (8 sites analyzed)

  • 100%: RSS Feed
  • 100%: artist
  • 100%: title
  • 100%: episode summary
  • 100%: mp3 download
  • 62%: download link
  • 50%: artist website
  • 25%: web-based purchase
  • 25%: flash player


Analysis of Music Services

Shown below is the most popular information listed for music albums. This includes analysis of over 85 online music sites.

Album Statistics (85 sites analyzed)

  • 100%: artist
  • 92%: title
  • 85%: tracks
  • 77%: release date
  • 67%: label
  • 62%: genre
  • 62%: web-based purchase
  • 59%: cover image
  • 49%: price
  • 26%: format
  • 23%: sample
  • 21%: length
  • 18%: summary
  • 15%: physical-based purchase
  • 10%: publisher
  • 10%: reviews

Shown below is the most popular information listed for songs. Keep in mind that along with the information listed below - for over 80% of the cases, album information was listed on the same page.

Song/Track Statistics (85 sites analyzed)

  • 95%: title
  • 69%: track number
  • 67%: sample
  • 62%: web-based purchase
  • 59%: artist
  • 54%: price
  • 54%: length
  • 26%: release date
  • 15%: album
  • 15%: genre
  • 13%: format
  • 10%: rating
  • 10%: label

Existing Practices

Listed below is an overview of existing patterns and practices found in the wild for audio information and metadata.

Summary of common patterns discovered

  • There are two major forms of audio - single recordings and collections of recordings. Sometimes an audio collection can exist within a single file, with each recording playing back-to-back within the file. -- ManuSporny
  • On music service sites, the audio album is almost always described on the same page as the track listings. -- ManuSporny

Other attempts to solve The Problem

  • media-info-examples - Attempted to find an uber-microformat for describing media. Turned out to be too large of a task, thus the problem was split into attempting to create microformats for audio, video and images.
  • audio-info-formats - Various formats have attempted to describe audio metadata from within the files.

Proposal

  • Early drafts
    • audio-info-brainstorming
    • audio-info-proposal
    • audio-info-microformat

See Also