citation-examples

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(For a cleaner version, see [http://www.tjameswhite.com/citation-examples.htm]) -- ''is this link now out of date?''--[[User:Mike|Mike]] 18:19, 30 Aug 2006 (PDT)
(For a cleaner version, see [http://www.tjameswhite.com/citation-examples.htm]) -- ''is this link now out of date?''--[[User:Mike|Mike]] 18:19, 30 Aug 2006 (PDT)
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=== Important ===
 
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There are some aspects '''NOT adequately''' covered by existing formats. I have addressed this issue on the OpenOffice.org wiki page, too. [see http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Bibliographic_Database for an extending discussion, the paragraph on ''Reference Types'']
 
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These issues pertain mainly to '''Errata''', '''Comments and Authors Reply''' and '''Article Retractions'''.
 
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* a bidirectional link could be necessary to implement these features (original article <=> eratum, reply, retraction letter)
 
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* '''IMPORTANT: Errata'''
 
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** Erata: one or more Corrections might be posted in various issues of the journal
 
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** this is usually cited as: Orininal Article Citation Data (Correction available in ''Journal, Issue Nr, Year, Pages'') (repeat for more than one correction)
 
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** it is possibly never cited alone
 
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** there should be a link to the original article, while the original article should contain a link to this ''Errata''
 
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* '''IMPORTANT: Commentary and Author Reply'''
 
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** similar to Errata, there might be one or more Comments and Author Replys; this should be stored, too
 
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** however, it is usually not included in the original citation
 
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** it might be used however in a citation, but I do not know exaclty how to cite it optimally (original article should be provided as well)
 
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* '''IMPORTANT: Article Retraction'''
 
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** an article may be retracted because of plagiarism or some other flaw
 
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** this should not be used any further in the research
 
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** however, it might be used e.g. for an article on plagiarism or flawed research
 
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** there should be therefore one field storing this information, too, and a link to:
 
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** the published withdrawal letter (which explains why the article was retracted)
 
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* this issue may need a time-controlled event
 
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* '''IMPORTANT: electronic publishing ahead of print (EPUB)'''
 
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** more and more articles are initially posted online, before the published article gets actually printed
 
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** How should this be used/cited?
 
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** Is this changed, after the print version becomes available?
 
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=== ABC-CLIO Product detail page ===
=== ABC-CLIO Product detail page ===

Revision as of 20:35, 25 September 2006

Citation Examples

The following examples are real world examples of citations found on the web. Please add to this list. The idea is that we get a solid sample of examples and see what commonalities there are amonst them and try to build this microformat so that it can meet 80% of typical uses.

See also:

Contents


Contributors

Citation Mark Up in the Wild

Mark up examples from reference publisher's websites (online catalogs), including ABC-CLIO, Greenwood Press, Marshall Cavendish, Oxford University Press (USA) and Thomson Gale. Examples are broken down and organized by element.

(For a cleaner version, see [1]) -- is this link now out of date?--Mike 18:19, 30 Aug 2006 (PDT)

ABC-CLIO Product detail page

example Original Markup

Greenwood Press featured book

greenwood press home page Original Markup

Greenwood Press product detail page

Product detail page Original Markup

Marshall Cavendish product page

product page Original Markup

Oxford University Press (USA) home page

homepage Original Markup

Oxford University Press (USA) product detail page

Product page

Original Markup

Thomson Gale product detail page

Original Markup

RFC vCard Example

Original Markup

W3C XHTML Spec Example

Original Markup

XHTML1.0 Spec references

CiteProc XHTML Output

Original Markup

The XHTML output for CiteProc[2] wasn't designed per se as a microformat, but is probably not a bad place to start. It is desgined to handle a wide range of content. Here is the APA output:

ACM Digital Library Search Result Examples

The ACM Digital Library is a heavily used computer science literature database. Original Markup

IEEE IEEExplore Search Results Markup

Original Markup

CiteSeer database search results

The CiteSeer database has been another heavily used Computer Science online resource, and it has minimal markup: Original Markup

CiteULike.org citation listing

CiteULike Original Markup

Links to services with the following IDs embedded in the link

Amazon.com citation info

This is from a detail page on Amazon.com for a book. Original Markup

PubMed Medical Journal Example

Original Markup

BibDesk Default Template

Original Markup

This is a pretty simplistic template for a very general app, but it seems to be OK for most BD users.

Wikipedia

Wikipedia makes extensive use of bibliographic citations, in particular to point readers to further information sources. There are differing formats depending on Wikipedia's language:

English Wikipdia

The kinds of citations used on the site run the full gamut. Here are breakdowns of four categories previously mentioned:

Book

Example Example Markup

Journal Articles

Example Example Markup

Court cases

Example Example Markup

U.S. Law

Example Example Markup

Conference presentations

Example Example Markup


Historical Sources

Example Example Markup

German Wikipedia

EPrints.org

example example markup

Based on Expressing Dublin Core in HTML/XHTML meta and link elements and rfc2731, Eprints.org uses the following Dublin Core terms in meta tags in the HTML HEAD of each paper's page:

In the body of the page, they use the following classes, now no longer DC terms:

Self-Citation Example

One example of an article that includes a statement "please cite as" (a self-description):

Citation of an Online Resource

At University of Michigan's Center for Research on Learning and Teaching you see citations like this:

Chief Academic Officers of the Big 12 Universities (2000). Big 12 Faculty Fellowship Program. Retrieved December 20, 2000 from the World Wide Wed: http://www.k-state.edu/provost/academic/big12/big12guide.htm.

Implied schema

List of all properties

This are a summation of all the properties in the examples, I have tried to logically group them together.

RELATIONS

LOCATION INFORMATION

PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES

IDENTIFIERS

PUBLISHER


These are sort of left overs, the are not really about citations, but more about commerce or other things. If they are important we can move them to the above list.

Analysis of Examples

With exception of just a few properties, all of the above appeared in atleast two different examples. The following properties were very common in most the example formats:

Styles

This does NOT define a format, but instead shows how the format should be displayed. This is something out of the direct scope of this project. CSS styles will handle the look-and-feel of the text, and the author can put it in any order they choose. These links are mentioned for two reasons, one is informative, the other is so we know at least meet the minimum properties that are used in the styles.

citation-examples was last modified: Wednesday, December 31st, 1969

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