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<h1>History Examples</h1>
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{{DISPLAYTITLE: History Examples }}
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Per the microformats [[process]] this is an [[examples]] page documenting existing real world examples of historical information published on the Web, towards the development of a [[history-effort|history microformat]].
  
Per the microformats [[process]] this is an [[examples]] page documenting existing real world examples of historical information published on the Web.
+
== The Problem ==
 +
History seeks to show and explain change over time. With that in mind, how should we mark up content that has specific historical contexts, meanings, and/or values?
  
== Historical Timelines ==
+
In particular, [[hcalendar|hCalendar]], which can otherwise be used for marking up historic events, lacks the capability to record vague dates and eras such as:
 +
* "circa 1950"
 +
* "17th century"
 +
* "Jurassic period"
 +
* "middle ages"
 +
* "late November" and so on.
  
[http://heml.org/heml-cocoon/ Historical Event and Markup Linking (HEML) Project] includes an "XML schema for historical events which describes the events' participants, dates, location and keywords; the schema associates these with source materials in print or on the web" and "XSLT stylesheets that combine conforming documents and generate lists, maps and graphical timelines out of them."
+
Likewise, [[hcard|hCard]] does not have facilities for "flourished" and other [[genealogy]] related details.
  
[http://simile.mit.edu/timeline/ SIMILE Timeline Builder ] from MIT. The SIMILE timeline uses JavaScript and XML to create a timeline. The [http://simile.mit.edu/timeline/docs/example1.xml XML markup ]:
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== Real-World Examples ==
 +
=== Historical Timelines ===
  
== General History Sites ==
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==== Tools for Timelines ====
 +
*[http://heml.org/heml-cocoon/ Historical Event and Markup Linking (HEML) Project] includes an "XML schema for historical events which describes the events' participants, dates, location and keywords; the schema associates these with source materials in print or on the web" and "XSLT stylesheets that combine conforming documents and generate lists, maps and graphical timelines out of them."
  
[http://www.bbc.net.uk/history/ BBC - History]
+
*[http://simile.mit.edu/timeline/ SIMILE Timeline Builder ] from MIT. The SIMILE timeline uses JavaScript and XML to create a timeline. The [http://simile.mit.edu/timeline/docs/example1.xml XML markup ]:
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.xylogue.com/control/timeline/archive001/timeline-001.htm Timelines by XYLOGUE].
 +
 
 +
*[http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/EasyTimeline EasyTimeline] (also at [http://infodisiac.com/Wikipedia/EasyTimeline/Introduction.htm Infodisiac]) "is a Mediawiki graphical plugin for visual timelines."
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.davidgagne.net/?p=6188 Timeline WordPress Plugin]
 +
 
 +
==== HTML-based Timelines ====
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* [http://meyerweb.com/eric/browsers/timeline-structured.html Browser History Timeline] - Eric Meyer uses a table to show the history of browser version releases comparatively.
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.gyford.com/phil/timeline/ Phil Gyford's CV as a timeline]
 +
 
 +
*[http://library.wustl.edu/vlib/dredscott/chronology.html Dred Scott Case Collection - Chronology]
 +
 
 +
*[http://factoryjoe.com/stream/ Chris Messina's lifestream, marked up with hCalendar]
 +
 
 +
*[http://vidastream.net/u/aconbere/ VidaStream (aconbere's lifestream)]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.chrisglass.com/timeline/ Chris Glass through the years]
 +
 
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*[http://www.maidofheaven.com/joanofarc_timeline_history.asp Timeline of Joan of Arc's life]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.thocp.net/companies/microsoft/microsoft_company.htm Microsoft's Timeline from 1975-1990]
 +
 
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*[http://www.footnote.com/topicpage.php?tp=2 HMS Titanic Timeline] Member-created timeline at [http://footnote.com Footnote].
 +
 
 +
*[http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/sheetmusic/timeline-1860.html Historic American Sheet Music - Timeline: 1860-1869]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.foodtimeline.org/ The Food Timeline]: Food history reference and research service.
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_timelines List of Timelines] from Wikipedia. Lists timelines available on Wikipedia.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.historyplace.com/lincoln/index.html The History Place presents Abraham Lincoln]
 +
 
 +
*[http://pw2.netcom.com/~rogermw/century.html That Wacky Century!]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.math.buffalo.edu/~sww/0history/hwny-tubman.html Harriet Tubman Timeline]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.ourtimelines.com/ OurTimeLines]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.decades.com/ Decades.com]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.talkorigins.org/origins/geo_timeline.html EVOLUTIONARY/GEOLOGICAL TIMELINE v1.0] from Talk.Origins
 +
 
 +
*[http://tfaces.narod.ru/ Type Timeline (in Russian)]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/club/chrono.htm West Midland Bird Club history]
 +
** As of 2008-01-16, marked up with [[hcalendar|hCalendar]] microformats. [[User:AndyMabbett|Andy Mabbett]] 14:49, 16 Jan 2008 (PST)
 +
**Also: [http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/club/older.htm List of Older Bird Clubs]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/exhibits/online_exhibits/dressed_to_the_nines/timeline.htm History of the Baseball Uniform Timeline] from the National Baseball Hall of Fame
 +
 
 +
*[http://microformats.org/wiki?title=history-examples&action=history The History section of the History-Examples wiki page] Seems that the history sections of this wiki are essentially timelines, with historical information, showing change over time.
 +
 
 +
==== Image and Flash-based Timelines ====
 +
 
 +
Image and flash-based timelines are included to get a sense of what content ''might'' be included, even though the content isn't marked up in these examples.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.fasttrackteaching.com/timeline2.html Timeline: Colonial America 1600-1775]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/womanshour/timeline/1940.shtml Women's History Timeline, 1940-1949]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.museum.state.il.us/exhibits/ice_ages/when_ice_ages.html When Ice Ages Occur]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/intro/atr/01sm.htm Timeline of Art History, Metropolitan Museum of Art]
 +
 
 +
=== Historical Maps ===
 +
 
 +
==== Tools ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://ecai.org/tech/TimeMap.html TimeMap]
 +
 
 +
*[http://gutenkarte.org/ Gutenkarte] - Allows you to map geographic locations in texts
 +
 
 +
*[http://labs.metacarta.com/rectifier/ Metacarta Map Rectifier] - Allows you to place and rectify maps over a base map. Uses Google Maps (I think). Lots of examples of historical maps layered over modern maps for comparison.
 +
 
 +
==== Map Sites ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.socialexplorer.com/pub/maps/home.aspx Social Explorer Maps] maps historical census data on New York and Los Angeles.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.brown.edu/Research/AAAH/map.htm Animated Atlas of African History, 1889-2002] Uses Flash.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.davidrumsey.com/index.html David Rumsey Historical Map Collection]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/features/londoninmaps/exhibition.html London: A Life in Maps] uses GoogleMaps and historical data to explore the history of London.
 +
 
 +
=== General History Sites ===
 +
 
 +
==== Reference ====
 +
*[http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/History History Wikibooks]. Examples include [http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/World_History World History],
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_States U.S. History], and [http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Modern_History Modern History]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.bbc.net.uk/history/ BBC - History]
 +
 
 +
*[http://eyewitnesstohistory.com/ Eyewitness to History]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.history.com/ The History Channel]
 +
 
 +
*[http://worldhistorymatters.org World History Matters]
 +
 
 +
*[http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/ Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution]
 +
 
 +
*[http://dohistory.org DoHistory]
 +
 
 +
*[http://memory.loc.gov American Memory]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.hti.umich.edu/m/moagrp/ Making of America]
 +
 
 +
==== Bloggers and Weblogs ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://earlymodernweb.org.uk/emn/ Early Modern Notes]
 +
 
 +
*[http://littleprofessor.typepad.com The Little Professor]
 +
 
 +
*[http://airminded.org Airminded: Airpower and British society, 1908-1941]
 +
 
 +
*[http://archaeoastronomy.wordpress.com/ Archaeoastronomy]
 +
 
 +
*[http://civilwarmemory.typepad.com/ Civil War Memory]
 +
 
 +
*[http://alincolnblog.blogspot.com/ Abraham Lincoln Blog]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.froginawell.net/ Frog in a Well] (east Asian history and culture)
 +
 
 +
==== Museums and Exhibits ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.si.edu Smithsonian Institution]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.americanhistory.si.edu/ National Museum of American History]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.mnh.si.edu/ National Museum of Natural History]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/ The British Museum]. Their [http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/worldofmoney/index.html World of Money] is a historical exhibit on the history of money around the globe.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/overview.html A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the Constitution] (non-flash version)
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.designmuseum.org/digital/a-century-of-chairs A Century of Chairs] From the Design Museum.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.mcny.org/ Museum of the City of New York]
 +
 
 +
=== Types of Historical Information ===
 +
 
 +
==== Dates and Time Periods ====
 +
 
 +
===== Centuries =====
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_century 8th Century]
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15th_century 15th Century]
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/19th_century 19th Century]
 +
 
 +
===== Decades =====
 +
 
 +
*[http://xroads.virginia.edu/~1930s/front.html 1930s]
 +
 
 +
*[http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/decade80.html 1980s]
 +
 
 +
===== Days =====
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.jcs-group.com/military/normandy/timeline.html June 6, 1944 "D-Day"]
 +
 
 +
==== Events ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://aotw.org/ The Battle of Antietam on the Web]
 +
 
 +
==== People, Biographies, and Profiles ====
 +
 
 +
Most biographical profiles provide dates of birth and death, detail important events with which the person was involved, and outline general historical contexts in which the person lived and participated.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08409c.htm St. Joan of Arc]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.history.rochester.edu/class/douglass/home.html Frederick Douglass]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/elizabio.htm Queen Elizabeth I]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/mahatma_ghandi.htm Mahatma Ghandi]
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genghis_Khan Genghis Khan - Wikipedia]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/newtlife.html Sir Isaac Newton]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.time.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/thatcher.html Time 100: Margaret Thatcher]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/gw1.html Biography of George Washington]
 +
 
 +
The following timelines provide a comparative list of the timeframes in which select political leaders around the world were in power:
 +
 
 +
*[http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/timelin1.htm 20th Century - First Quarter]
 +
 
 +
*[http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/timelin2.htm 20th Century - Second Quarter]
 +
 
 +
*[http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/timelin3.htm 20th Century - Third Quarter]
 +
 
 +
*[http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/timelin4.htm 20th Century - Fourth Quarter]
 +
 
 +
==== Places ====
 +
* ...
 +
 
 +
==Searching==
 +
*[http://www.timesearch.info/ Time search] time-based search engine (requires Javascript)
 +
 
 +
== Existing Practices ==
 +
* ...
 +
 
 +
== See Also ==
 +
{{history-related-pages}}
 +
* [[lifestream]]

Latest revision as of 16:26, 18 July 2020

Per the microformats The microformats process this is an Best Practices for Examples Pages page documenting existing real world examples of historical information published on the Web, towards the development of a history microformat.

The Problem

History seeks to show and explain change over time. With that in mind, how should we mark up content that has specific historical contexts, meanings, and/or values?

In particular, hCalendar, which can otherwise be used for marking up historic events, lacks the capability to record vague dates and eras such as:

  • "circa 1950"
  • "17th century"
  • "Jurassic period"
  • "middle ages"
  • "late November" and so on.

Likewise, hCard does not have facilities for "flourished" and other Genealogy related details.

Real-World Examples

Historical Timelines

Tools for Timelines

  • Historical Event and Markup Linking (HEML) Project includes an "XML schema for historical events which describes the events' participants, dates, location and keywords; the schema associates these with source materials in print or on the web" and "XSLT stylesheets that combine conforming documents and generate lists, maps and graphical timelines out of them."

HTML-based Timelines

Image and Flash-based Timelines

Image and flash-based timelines are included to get a sense of what content might be included, even though the content isn't marked up in these examples.

Historical Maps

Tools

  • Gutenkarte - Allows you to map geographic locations in texts
  • Metacarta Map Rectifier - Allows you to place and rectify maps over a base map. Uses Google Maps (I think). Lots of examples of historical maps layered over modern maps for comparison.

Map Sites

General History Sites

Reference

Bloggers and Weblogs

Museums and Exhibits

Types of Historical Information

Dates and Time Periods

Centuries
Decades
Days

Events

People, Biographies, and Profiles

Most biographical profiles provide dates of birth and death, detail important events with which the person was involved, and outline general historical contexts in which the person lived and participated.

The following timelines provide a comparative list of the timeframes in which select political leaders around the world were in power:

Places

  • ...

Searching

  • Time search time-based search engine (requires Javascript)

Existing Practices

  • ...

See Also