species-examples

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Examples of common and scientific names of living things, which could be marked up with a "'''[[species]]'''" (or similar) microformat. Note use of matching pairs of examples, where possible.
Examples of common and scientific names of living things, which could be marked up with a "'''[[species]]'''" (or similar) microformat. Note use of matching pairs of examples, where possible.
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:'''Note: the original name of the proposed microformat, "species", is likely to change, probably to "biota" or "taxon". The former has been retained here, to avoid having to make many repetitive and perhaps redundant edits'''
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'''If you find a link which is not working, please replace it with a suitable alternative, rather than simply deleting it. Thank you.'''
__TOC__
__TOC__
-
==binominals==
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==Types of publishers==
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There are, perhaps, three types of publisher of taxonomic information (with all the usual overlaps and exceptions one finds when generalising so much!):
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#Those which publish a full or partial hierarchy, like [http://names.ubio.org/browser/classifications.php?conceptID=2463046 UBIO].
 +
#Those which publish a binominal, or a binominal with a qualifier, like a subspecies, variety, breed, hybridisation - but still referring to a single type of living thing, with no higher- level taxonomy. e.g [http://web.archive.org/web/20120428093948/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/records/lists.htm the West Midland Bird Club's county lists]
 +
#These which publish common (or "vernacular") names, but who would be interested in "aliasing" those to the scientific equivalent. e.g [http://web.archive.org/web/20060719133028/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/ladywalk/latest.htm the West Midland Bird Club's news from Ladywalk]
 +
 
 +
Interestingly, some sites (Wikipedia, for example) have pages which fall into each of the three categories!
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#[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bar-tailed_Godwit Bar tailed Godwit]
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#[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetics_of_humans Genetics of humans]
 +
#[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladywalk Ladywalk]
 +
 
 +
[[User:AndyMabbett|AndyMabbett]] 12:05, 23 Oct 2006 (PDT)
 +
 
 +
==Binominals==
===Birds===
===Birds===
-
'''Black-tailed Godwit''' on [http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/ladywalk/latest.htm West Midland Bird Club's Ladywalk reserve latest news page]
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'''Black-tailed Godwit''' on [http://web.archive.org/web/20060719133028/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/ladywalk/latest.htm West Midland Bird Club's Ladywalk reserve latest news page]
<pre><nowiki><b class="bird">Black-tailed Godwit</b></nowiki></pre>
<pre><nowiki><b class="bird">Black-tailed Godwit</b></nowiki></pre>
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'''''Limosa limosa''''' on [http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/records/lists.htm West Midland Bird Club's county lists']
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'''''Limosa limosa'''''
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[http://web.archive.org/web/20120428093948/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/records/lists.htm West Midland Bird Club county lists]
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<pre><nowiki><td>Limosa limosa</td></nowiki></pre>
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<pre><nowiki>
 +
<th scope="col">Common Name</th><th scope="col">Scientific Name</th>
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[...]
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<th scope="row" class="bird">Black-tailed Godwit</th><td class="sci">Limosa limosa</td>
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</nowiki></pre>
 +
 
 +
'''''Eurasian Bittern'''''
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[http://web.archive.org/web/20100808095645/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/ladywalk/BITTE.htm Bitterns at LAdywalk]
 +
 
 +
<pre><nowiki>
 +
<b class="bird">Eurasian Bitterns</b>, (<i class="sci">Botaurus stellaris</i>)
 +
</nowiki></pre>
===Mammal===
===Mammal===
'''Wolf''' on [http://www.wolf.org/wolves/index.asp International Wolf Center]
'''Wolf''' on [http://www.wolf.org/wolves/index.asp International Wolf Center]
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'''''Canis lupus''''' on [http://www.nps.gov/archive/bela/html/wolves.htm NPS.gov]
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'''''Canis_lupus''''' on [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Canis_lupus.html Animal Diversity Web]
===Fish===
===Fish===
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===Arachnid===
===Arachnid===
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'''Tarantulas''' on [http://www.nature.com/news/2006/060925/full/060925-6.html Nature.com]
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'''Rose Trantula''' on [http://www.practical-pet-care.com/spider_question.php?ID=1.2006100416232172 Pet Care Forum]
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'''Costa Rican zebra tarantula''' (''Aphonopelma seemanni'') on  [http://www.nature.com/news/2006/060925/full/060925-6.html Nature.com]
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'''''Araneus angulatus''''' on [http://www.sxbrc.org.uk/news/friston-forest-recording-day Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre] (this is a duplicate. [[User:BenWest|BenWest]] 21:56, 21 Oct 2006 (PDT))
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'''''Araneus angulatus''''' on [http://www.sxbrc.org.uk/news/friston-forest-recording-day Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre]
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===Plant===
===Plant===
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'''''Anagallis tenella''''' on [http://www.bioimages.org.uk/HTML/T47624.HTM BioImages]
'''''Anagallis tenella''''' on [http://www.bioimages.org.uk/HTML/T47624.HTM BioImages]
 +
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'''''Persicaria campanulatum''''' on [http://www.record-lrc.co.uk/?Mod=Forum&Do=ViewThread&ForumID=6&ThreadID=75 rECOrd - The Biodiversity Information Centre for the Cheshire region]
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'''''Galeopsis tetrahit s.s.'''''
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[http://web.archive.org/web/20110920192557/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/blithfield/plants20060815.htm West Midland Bird Club]
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<pre><nowiki>
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<i class="sci">Galeopsis tetrahit&nbsp;
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<abbr lang="la" title="sensu stricto">s.s.</abbr>
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</i>
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(<b class="plant">Common Hemp-nettle</b>)
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</nowiki></pre>
===Fungi===
===Fungi===
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'''''Pica pica'' Linnaeus, (1758)''' on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Magpie Wikipedia: European Magpie]
'''''Pica pica'' Linnaeus, (1758)''' on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Magpie Wikipedia: European Magpie]
:(i.e. named by Linnaeus in 1758)
:(i.e. named by Linnaeus in 1758)
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 +
'''''Anarhynchus frontalis'' Quoy and Gaimard, 1830''' on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrybill Wikipedia: Wrybill]
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:note two-person authority
===Unspecified species===
===Unspecified species===
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===Sense (plant)===
===Sense (plant)===
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'''''Ranunculus aquatilis s.l.''''' and '''''R. aquatilis s.s'''''; on [http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/blithfield/plants20060815.htm Blithfield Reservoir: Survey of Flowering Plants...] (see also footnotes on that page)
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'''''Ranunculus aquatilis s.l.''''' and '''''R. aquatilis s.s'''''; on [http://web.archive.org/web/20110920192557/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/blithfield/plants20060815.htm Blithfield Reservoir: Survey of Flowering Plants...] (see also footnotes on that page)
===Cross (plant)===
===Cross (plant)===
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'''''E.Coli''''' on [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/southern_counties/5346842.stm BBC news]
'''''E.Coli''''' on [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/southern_counties/5346842.stm BBC news]
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 +
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===Synonyms===
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarpan The Tarpan], '''''Equus ferus ferus''''':
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<blockquote>The Tarpan was first described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1774; he had seen the animals in 1769 in the region of Bobrovsk, near Voronezh. In 1784 Pieter Boddaert named the species '''''Equus ferus''''', referring to Gmelin's description. Unaware of Boddaert's name, Otto Antonius published the name '''''Equus gmelini''''' in 1912, again referring to Gmelin's description. Since Antonius' name refers to the same description as Boddaert's it is a junior objective synonym.</blockquote>
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on http://web.archive.org/web/20070503224316/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/biblio/bb/71-338.htm:
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<blockquote>some authors still refer to Scandinavian Herring Gulls as '''''L. a. omissus'''''; others regard '''''omissus''''' as no longer valid (a synonym of '''''argentatus''''')</blockquote>
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On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devario_chrysotaeniatus:
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:'''''Devario chrysotaeniatus''''' [...] former Names and Synonyms
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::* '''''Danio chrysotaeniatus'''''
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On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetracanthus:
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:'''''Echinocactus tetracanthus''''' synonym of '''''Parodia erinacea''''' - cactus
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On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jostia_teaguei (using a "taxobox")
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:Binomial name
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:'''''Jostia teaguei'''''
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:(Luer) Luer
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:Synonyms
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:'''''Masdevallia teaguei''''' Luer, 1978
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On http://www.coleopterist.org.uk/haliplidae-list.htm
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:'''HALIPLUS''' Latreille, 1802
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:Subgenus HALIPLUS Latreille, 1802
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:''confinis'' Stephens, 1828
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::''pallens'' Fowler, 1887
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::''halberti'' Bullock, 1928
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i.e. ''Haliplus pallens'' and  ''H. halberti'' are synonyms of ''H. confinis''.
 +
 +
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See also [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:Search?search=species+synonym&fulltext=Search Wkipedia search for "species synonym"]
==Misc==
==Misc==
===Superseded names===
===Superseded names===
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'''''Tringa bartramia''''' superseded by '''''Bartramia longicauda''''' on [http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/firsts/UPLSA.htm West Midland Bird Club's Upland Sandpiper article]
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'''''Tringa bartramia''''' superseded by '''''Bartramia longicauda''''' on [http://web.archive.org/web/20140116190849/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/firsts/UPLSA.htm West Midland Bird Club's Upland Sandpiper article]
===GUID===
===GUID===
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'''NBN Taxon Key: NBNSYS0000005133''' for European Otter, ''Lutra lutra'', on [http://nbn.nhm.ac.uk/nhm/bin/nbntaxa.dll/taxon_details?taxon_key=NBNSYS0000005133 NBN Species Dictionary]
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'''NBN Taxon Key''' for European Otter, ''Lutra lutra'', on [http://nbn.nhm.ac.uk/nhm/bin/nbntaxa.dll/taxon_details?taxon_key=NBNSYS0000005133 NBN Species Dictionary]: '''NBNSYS0000005133'''
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 +
'''LSID ([http://lsid.sourceforge.net/#whatislsid Life Science Indicator])''' for ''Popillia japonica'' on [http://names.ubio.org/browser/details2.php?names=on&authors=on&sci=on&vern=on&conceptID=&expand=&namebankID=3377001 uBio]: '''urn:lsid:ubio.org:namebank:3377001'''
===Wikipedia===
===Wikipedia===
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<pre><nowiki><p>The <b>Black-tailed Godwit</b>, <i>Limosa limosa</i></nowiki></pre>
<pre><nowiki><p>The <b>Black-tailed Godwit</b>, <i>Limosa limosa</i></nowiki></pre>
-
and:
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====Linking====
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Wikipedia uses the standard convention of having species italicised. Internal links to species may be to the common name or scientific name depending on which is used as the article's title (usually common for animals, scientific for plants, although there are exceptions). Links to scientific names work regardless:
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<pre><nowiki>''[[Limosa limosa]]''</nowiki></pre>
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Link to common name:
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<pre><nowiki>[[Black-tailed Godwit]]</nowiki></pre>
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Link to common name, but displaying scientific name:
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<pre><nowiki>''[[Black-tailed Godwit|Limosa limosa]]''</nowiki></pre>
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 +
These types of links are not used in the Black-tailed Godwit article itself, but in others related to it. e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_avifauna British avifauna]
 +
 
 +
====Taxobox====
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Wiki markup for the taxobox (taxonomy infobox) on the English Wikipedia, as used on the Black-tailed Godwit article, with irrelevant fields removed:
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<pre><nowiki>
 +
{{Taxobox
 +
| name = Black-tailed Godwit
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| regnum = [[Animal]]ia
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| phylum = [[Chordate|Chordata]]
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| classis = [[bird|Aves]]
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| ordo = [[Charadriiformes]]
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| familia = [[Scolopacidae]]
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| genus = ''[[Godwit|Limosa]]''
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| species = '''''L. limosa'''''
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| binomial = ''Limosa limosa''
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| binomial_authority = ([[Carolus Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], 1758)
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}}
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</nowiki></pre>
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 +
Above is vaguely displayed in an HTML table as (with formatting and links removed):
<pre><nowiki>
<pre><nowiki>
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</nowiki></pre>
</nowiki></pre>
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===And finally...===
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Also allows for other levels of taxonomy (e.g. genus or subspecies), and synonyms.
-
Gary Larson, in his book ''The Far Side Gallery'' (Warner Books, 1980, ISBN 0751502367) has a cartoon, showing two entomologists sitting down to eat dinner in a jungle. One says to the other "Hey! What's this ''Drosophila melanogaster'' doing in my soup?"
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==Quantitative evidence==
==Quantitative evidence==
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For evidence of quantitative, rather than qualitative, use of species' and other taxonomic names, see [http://microformats.org/discuss/mail/microformats-discuss/2006-September/005790.html] and [http://microformats.org/discuss/mail/microformats-discuss/2006-September/005791.html]. Furthermore:
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For evidence of quantitative, rather than qualitative, use of species' and other taxonomic names, see [[species-examples-quantitative]]
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*Wikipedia:
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** All species articles, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Ringed_Plover Little Ringed Plover] (see [[species-examples#Wikipedia|above]])
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** All genera articles, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plover Charadrius (Plover)]
+
-
** All higher classes, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charadriidae Charadriidae]
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** All regional lists, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_British_birds:_non-passerines List of British birds]
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** All dedicatees, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Wilson Alexander Wilson]
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** All authorities, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_Antonio_Scopoli Giovanni Antonio Scopoli]
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** All images of living things, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Charadrius_dubius_4_%28Marek_Szczepanek%29.jpg Charadrius dubius 4 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg]
+
-
** Many reserves, lakes, and other places of interest, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belvide Belvide]
+
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** Many biological authors and illustrators, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Audubon John Audubon]; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_White Gilbert White]
+
-
** Random articles on other topics, e.g. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balancing_lake Balancing lake}]
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-
** All the above, again, for each alternative language e.g. [http://cy.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cwtiad_Torchog_Bach Welsh]; [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petit_gravelot French]; [http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%87%91%E7%9C%B6%E9%B8%BB Chinese]
+
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*Wikimedia Commons
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** All species indexes, e.g. [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Charadrius_dubius Charadrius dubius]
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** Each individual image, e.g. [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Charadrius_dubius_1_%28Marek_Szczepanek%29.jpg Charadrius dubius 1 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg]
+
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** Each family list [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Charadriidae Charadriidae]
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*Wiktionary
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** All species articles, e.g. [http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/american_golden_plover American Golden Plover]
+
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** All family articles, e.g. [http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/plover Plover]
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** Many of the above, in other langauges e.g. [http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/aquila_reale Italian]; [http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D0%B1%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BA%D1%83%D1%82 Russian]
+
-
 
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*Wikispecies
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** every speices, e.g. [http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Charadrius_dubius Charadrius dubius]
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** every genus, e.g. [http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Charadrius Charadrius]
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** every sub-family, e.g. [http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Charadriinae Charadriinae]
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** every family, e.g. [http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Charadriidae Charadriidae]
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** and so on, for other every rank
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** every image (e.g. [http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Charadrius_hiaticula_He.jpg Charadrius hiaticula He.jpg]
+
-
 
+
-
* At the time of writing, every single one of the first 20 [http://www.google.com/search?q=%22Noctule+bat%22 Google results for "Noctule Bat"] also includes the scientific name ''Nyctalus noctula''.
+
-
 
+
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*[http://www.arkive.org/ ARKive] - 2000 species ("It is ARKive's current aim to compile audio-visual records, where such media exists, for the 15,000-plus species currently threatened with extinction, according to the World Conservation Union's (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.")
+
-
 
+
-
*[http://www.rhs.org.uk/rhsplantfinder/plantfinder.asp Royal Horticultural Society - RHS Plant Finder] - 70,000 plants
+
-
 
+
-
*[http://www.bacterio.net List of Prokaryotic Names (formerly List of Bacterial Names)] - 2,032 *files*; 10,268 published names (to 2006-09-07)
+
-
 
+
-
*[http://nbn.nhm.ac.uk/nhm/ UK National Biodiversity Network's Species Dictionary]
+
-
 
+
-
*[http://www.searchnbn.net/ UK National Biodiversity Network Gateway] - 20 million+ species records
+
-
 
+
-
*[http://www.sp2000.org/ Species 2000] - 450,000 species
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-
 
+
-
*[http://www.bioimages.org.uk/index.html BioImages - Virtual Fieldguide] - 53,000 images depicting 4,600 species (see [[species-brainstorming#Malcolm_Storey|Wiki comments from site owner]])
+
-
 
+
-
*[http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/ Animal Diversity Web] - "Thousands of species accounts [plus] descriptions of levels of organization above the species level, especially phyla, classes, and in some cases, orders and families. Hundreds of hyperlinked pages and images illustrate the traits and general biology of these groups"
+
==Notable websites==
==Notable websites==
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**[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4835208.stm Fewer birds spotted in UK gardens]
**[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4835208.stm Fewer birds spotted in UK gardens]
**[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/4743250.stm Study to solve sparrow's decline riddle]
**[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/4743250.stm Study to solve sparrow's decline riddle]
-
 
-
*Nature
 
-
**[http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/avianflu/index.html Avian flu web focus]
 
*Encyclopaedia Britannica - all species, e.g.
*Encyclopaedia Britannica - all species, e.g.
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**[http://www.flickr.com/photos/tags/citheronia/ Tag for moth genera 'citheronia']
**[http://www.flickr.com/photos/tags/citheronia/ Tag for moth genera 'citheronia']
***[http://www.flickr.com/photos/30268343@N00/152101772/ Sample result from that search]
***[http://www.flickr.com/photos/30268343@N00/152101772/ Sample result from that search]
 +
**[http://www.flickr.com/groups/birdguide/ Field Guide: Birds of the World] 23,073 tagged photos, as at 2006-10-21
*CNN
*CNN
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**[http://environment.guardian.co.uk/conservation/story/0,,1878956,00.html The call of the wildlife]
**[http://environment.guardian.co.uk/conservation/story/0,,1878956,00.html The call of the wildlife]
**[http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/news/story/0,,1665396,00.html Sparrow joins 'raped' duck in Dutch museum] (note improper capitalisation "''passer domesticus''")
**[http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/news/story/0,,1665396,00.html Sparrow joins 'raped' duck in Dutch museum] (note improper capitalisation "''passer domesticus''")
 +
 +
*The Internet Movie Database
 +
**[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0029443/ Private Life of the Gannets]
 +
***[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0029443/trivia Private Life of the Gannets trivia page with binominal]
 +
**[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0133318/ The Trials of Life]
 +
**[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0227812/ Whooping Crane]
 +
***[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0227812/trivia Whooping Crane trivia page with binominal]
 +
**[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0301727/ Winged Migration]
 +
 +
*London Zoo
 +
**[http://www.zsl.org/london-zoo/animals/birds/tawny-frogmouth,99,AN.html Tawny frogmouth]
 +
 +
*Microsoft
 +
**[http://www.microsoft.com/games/zootycoon/zoo2/zoo2_ymi_animals1.asp Zoo Tycoon]
*MSN-Encarta - all species, e.g.
*MSN-Encarta - all species, e.g.
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*MySpace
*MySpace
**[http://blog.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&friendID=47134278&blogID=79591637]
**[http://blog.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&friendID=47134278&blogID=79591637]
 +
 +
*Nature
 +
**[http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/avianflu/index.html Avian flu web focus]
 +
 +
*Nature Network, Boston
 +
**[http://network.nature.com/boston/news/archive/2006/06/13/the-student-and-the-squid The student and the squid] '''N.B.''' site already supports rel-tag, hCard for user profiles and hCalendar for marking up events across the site.
 +
 +
*NASA
 +
**[http://history.nasa.gov/SP-401/ch3.htm SP-401 Skylab, Classroom in Space. Part II - Student Experiments] ("The common Cross spider (Araneus diadematus)")
 +
 +
*New York Times
 +
**[http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=travel&res=9D04E4DE1131F93BA25751C0A9669C8B63 Where the Eagles Fly: Seeing the National Symbol]
 +
 +
*Sky News
 +
**[http://news.sky.com/skynews/article/0,,15410-1249430,00.html Homo floresiensis]
 +
**[http://news.sky.com/skynews/article/0,,30200-13546024,00.html Atlapetes latinuchus yariguierum]
 +
**[http://news.sky.com/skynews/picture_gallery/picture_gallery/0,,15410-1244699,00.html Polypedates chlorophthalmus]
 +
**[http://search.sky.com/search/skynews/results/1,,,00.html?CID=30000&QUERY=species&SITEREF=skynews&SECTION=&TYPE_REF=&radiodate=&dayFrom=dd&monthFrom=mm&yearFrom=yyyy&dayTo=dd&monthTo=mm&yearTo=yyyy&Submit.x=0&Submit.y=0 Sky News search for "species"]
 +
 +
*Snopes (Urban Legends Reference Pages)
 +
**[http://www.snopes.com/photos/animals/fishfly.asp Fish Fly]
 +
 +
*United Kingdom Government
 +
**[http://www.defra.gov.uk/wildlife-countryside/vertebrates/gen-licence.htm DEFRA: General licences under the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981]
 +
 +
*United Nations
 +
** [http://www.oceansatlas.org/ Atlas of the Oceans] e.g. [http://www.oceansatlas.org/world_fisheries_and_aquaculture/html/resources/capture/mainspec/species/sp2605.htm Chilean nylon shrimp ''Heterocarpus reedi'']
 +
 +
*United States of America Government
 +
**ITIS, e.g. [http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=179628 Passer Domesticus] - "authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world"
 +
 +
*W3C
 +
**[http://dev.w3.org/cvsweb/2000/10/swap/test/ferrell/biology.n3?rev=1.4 An Ontology of Biology]
 +
**[http://esw.w3.org/topic/HCLSIG_BioRDF_Subgroup/Tasks/Reagents/Status_Reports/2006-05-04 BioRDF Sub-group Status Report, 4 May 2006]
*Yahoo Groups
*Yahoo Groups
**[http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/passerdomesticus/ passerdomesticus] species as group name!
**[http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/passerdomesticus/ passerdomesticus] species as group name!
 +
 +
*YouTube
 +
**[http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=starling&search=Search YouTube search for 'starling']]
 +
 +
==Breaking news==
 +
In under two weeks, the BBC News website carried the following stories, all including the scientific names of species:
 +
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/pop_ups/06/sci_nat_orchid_spectacular/html/1.stm BBC News: Stunning new orchids from Asia's rainforest] - 2006-10-16
 +
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6045802.stm BBC News: Winter home find cheers twitchers] (winter home of the northern bald ibis found) - 2006-10-13
 +
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6043648.stm BBC News: New mouse find is 'living fossil'] - 2006-10-12
 +
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6035113.stm BBC News: Giant camel fossil found in Syria] - 2006-10-10
 +
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/5414410.stm BBC News: Sharks swim into political waters] - 2006-10-06
 +
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/5403570.stm BBC News: 'Monster' fossil find in Arctic] - 2006-10-05
==Use in blogs==
==Use in blogs==
Line 285: Line 416:
*[http://windowboxwildlife.blogspot.com/index.html Windowbox Wildlife]
*[http://windowboxwildlife.blogspot.com/index.html Windowbox Wildlife]
*[http://www.rxwildlife.org.uk/ RXWildlife]
*[http://www.rxwildlife.org.uk/ RXWildlife]
 +
*[http://newsbou.blogspot.com/ British Ornithologists' Union news]
 +
*[http://fieldmarking.reger.com/ FieldMarking] - An experiment to see how people can collaborate to record wildlife observations in blogs.
 +
 +
==And finally...==
 +
Gary Larson, in his book ''The Far Side Gallery'' (Warner Books, 1980, ISBN 0751502367) has a cartoon, showing two entomologists sitting down to eat dinner in a jungle. One says to the other "Hey! What's this ''Drosophila melanogaster'' doing in my soup?"
==Contributors==
==Contributors==
*[[User:AndyMabbett|Andy Mabbett]] (proponent)
*[[User:AndyMabbett|Andy Mabbett]] (proponent)
*Malcolm Storey (per e-mail)
*Malcolm Storey (per e-mail)
-
*[[User:SXBRC|Charles Roper]] [[http://www.sxbrc.org.uk/ Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre]] (proponent)
+
*[[User:SXBRC|Charles Roper]], [http://www.sxbrc.org.uk/ Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre] (proponent)
 +
*[[User:SteveMcBill|Steve McWilliam]], [http://www.rECOrd-LRC.co.uk/ rECOrd - The Biodiversity Information System for the Cheshire region] (proponent)
 +
*[[User:PeNGo|Peter Halasz]], Wikipedia Admin.
==See also==
==See also==
-
[[species-brainstorming]]
+
{{species}}

Current revision

Species Examples

Examples of common and scientific names of living things, which could be marked up with a "species" (or similar) microformat. Note use of matching pairs of examples, where possible.

Note: the original name of the proposed microformat, "species", is likely to change, probably to "biota" or "taxon". The former has been retained here, to avoid having to make many repetitive and perhaps redundant edits

If you find a link which is not working, please replace it with a suitable alternative, rather than simply deleting it. Thank you.

Contents


Types of publishers

There are, perhaps, three types of publisher of taxonomic information (with all the usual overlaps and exceptions one finds when generalising so much!):

  1. Those which publish a full or partial hierarchy, like UBIO.
  2. Those which publish a binominal, or a binominal with a qualifier, like a subspecies, variety, breed, hybridisation - but still referring to a single type of living thing, with no higher- level taxonomy. e.g the West Midland Bird Club's county lists
  3. These which publish common (or "vernacular") names, but who would be interested in "aliasing" those to the scientific equivalent. e.g the West Midland Bird Club's news from Ladywalk

Interestingly, some sites (Wikipedia, for example) have pages which fall into each of the three categories!

  1. Bar tailed Godwit
  2. Genetics of humans
  3. Ladywalk

AndyMabbett 12:05, 23 Oct 2006 (PDT)

Binominals

Birds

Black-tailed Godwit on West Midland Bird Club's Ladywalk reserve latest news page

<b class="bird">Black-tailed Godwit</b>

Limosa limosa West Midland Bird Club county lists

<th scope="col">Common Name</th><th scope="col">Scientific Name</th>
[...]
<th scope="row" class="bird">Black-tailed Godwit</th><td class="sci">Limosa limosa</td>

Eurasian Bittern Bitterns at LAdywalk

<b class="bird">Eurasian Bitterns</b>, (<i class="sci">Botaurus stellaris</i>)

Mammal

Wolf on International Wolf Center

Canis_lupus on Animal Diversity Web

Fish

Northern pike on Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Esox lucius on Pike & Zander

Insect

Death’s Head Hawkmoth on Animal Teachers

Acherontia atropos on UK Moths

Migrant Hawker (Aeshna mixta) on Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre

Arachnid

Rose Trantula on Pet Care Forum

Araneus angulatus on Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre (this is a duplicate. BenWest 21:56, 21 Oct 2006 (PDT))

Plant

Bog Pimpernel on Map Reading's Wildflower Images

Anagallis tenella on BioImages

Persicaria campanulatum on rECOrd - The Biodiversity Information Centre for the Cheshire region

Galeopsis tetrahit s.s. West Midland Bird Club

<i class="sci">Galeopsis tetrahit 
<abbr lang="la" title="sensu stricto">s.s.</abbr>
</i>
 (<b class="plant">Common Hemp-nettle</b>)

Fungi

Amanita muscaria on California Fungi

Fly Agaric on Trees for Life

Rhodocollybia maculata (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fries) Singer on [1]

More than binominals

Authority

Pica pica Linnaeus, (1758) on Wikipedia: European Magpie

(i.e. named by Linnaeus in 1758)

Anarhynchus frontalis Quoy and Gaimard, 1830 on Wikipedia: Wrybill

note two-person authority

Unspecified species

Podiceps sp. on Bird Life
<i>Podiceps</i> sp.

Psyllid plant hopper on Ramblings of a Naturalist blog

Sub-species

Animal

Larus glaucoides kumlieni on BirdGuides

Kumlien's Gull on Birds Ireland

Plant

Pisum sativum L. subsp. sativum on [2] (also has other examples; note lack of required italics)

<b>Pisum sativum</b> L. subsp. <b>sativum</b>

Cultivars (plant)

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Aureomarginata' on Wikipedia: Cultivar

<dd><i>Chamaecyparis lawsoniana</i> 'Aureomarginata'</dd>

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Golden Wonder' on plantago.nl

Cultivar groups (plant)

Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group on Wikipedia: Cultivar

Trade names (plant)

Rosa Peace on Wikipedia: Cultivar

("Peace" is a trade designation or "selling name" for the cultivar R. 'Madame A. Meilland' and should therefore be printed in a different typeface from the rest of the name, without any quote marks)

Sunflower 'Giant Single' on Johnsons Seeds

Sunflower 'Infrared' F1 on Johnsons Seeds

(Note "F1" cross designation)

Variety (plant)

Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon on Dave's Garden

Sub-variety (plant)

Betula ermani var. genuina subvar. brevidentata on National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens, Gloucestershire Group (plus many other examples)

Form (plant)

Acanthocalycium spiniflorum f. klimpelianum on Wikipedia: form (botany)

Sense (plant)

Ranunculus aquatilis s.l. and R. aquatilis s.s; on Blithfield Reservoir: Survey of Flowering Plants... (see also footnotes on that page)

Cross (plant)

Digitalis x mertonensis on Hortax

The hybrid name for all plants derived from the cross between D. purpurea and D. grandiflora. The "x" indicates the hybrid status.

× Fatshedera lizei on Scientific Plant Names, Oregon State Univ., Landscape Plants

Strain (bacteria)

Escherichia coli O157:H7 on FDA.gov

E.Coli on BBC news


Synonyms

The Tarpan, Equus ferus ferus:

The Tarpan was first described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1774; he had seen the animals in 1769 in the region of Bobrovsk, near Voronezh. In 1784 Pieter Boddaert named the species Equus ferus, referring to Gmelin's description. Unaware of Boddaert's name, Otto Antonius published the name Equus gmelini in 1912, again referring to Gmelin's description. Since Antonius' name refers to the same description as Boddaert's it is a junior objective synonym.


on http://web.archive.org/web/20070503224316/http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/biblio/bb/71-338.htm:

some authors still refer to Scandinavian Herring Gulls as L. a. omissus; others regard omissus as no longer valid (a synonym of argentatus)


On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devario_chrysotaeniatus:

Devario chrysotaeniatus [...] former Names and Synonyms
  • Danio chrysotaeniatus


On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetracanthus:

Echinocactus tetracanthus synonym of Parodia erinacea - cactus


On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jostia_teaguei (using a "taxobox")

Binomial name
Jostia teaguei
(Luer) Luer
Synonyms
Masdevallia teaguei Luer, 1978


On http://www.coleopterist.org.uk/haliplidae-list.htm

HALIPLUS Latreille, 1802
Subgenus HALIPLUS Latreille, 1802
confinis Stephens, 1828
pallens Fowler, 1887
halberti Bullock, 1928

i.e. Haliplus pallens and H. halberti are synonyms of H. confinis.


See also Wkipedia search for "species synonym"

Misc

Superseded names

Tringa bartramia superseded by Bartramia longicauda on West Midland Bird Club's Upland Sandpiper article

GUID

NBN Taxon Key for European Otter, Lutra lutra, on NBN Species Dictionary: NBNSYS0000005133

LSID (Life Science Indicator) for Popillia japonica on uBio: urn:lsid:ubio.org:namebank:3377001

Wikipedia

Black-tailed Godwit on Wikipedia: Black-tailed Godwit

Wikipedia uses several sets of markup, e.g. (in-line styles and links, plus some other markup, removed, for clarity):

<p>The <b>Black-tailed Godwit</b>, <i>Limosa limosa</i>

Linking

Wikipedia uses the standard convention of having species italicised. Internal links to species may be to the common name or scientific name depending on which is used as the article's title (usually common for animals, scientific for plants, although there are exceptions). Links to scientific names work regardless:

''[[Limosa limosa]]''

Link to common name:

[[Black-tailed Godwit]]

Link to common name, but displaying scientific name:

''[[Black-tailed Godwit|Limosa limosa]]''

These types of links are not used in the Black-tailed Godwit article itself, but in others related to it. e.g. British avifauna

Taxobox

Wiki markup for the taxobox (taxonomy infobox) on the English Wikipedia, as used on the Black-tailed Godwit article, with irrelevant fields removed:

{{Taxobox
| name = Black-tailed Godwit
| regnum = [[Animal]]ia
| phylum = [[Chordate|Chordata]]
| classis = [[bird|Aves]]
| ordo = [[Charadriiformes]]
| familia = [[Scolopacidae]]
| genus = ''[[Godwit|Limosa]]''
| species = '''''L. limosa'''''
| binomial = ''Limosa limosa''
| binomial_authority = ([[Carolus Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], 1758)
}}

Above is vaguely displayed in an HTML table as (with formatting and links removed):

<tr>
	<td>Kingdom:</td>
	<td>Animalia</td>
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>Phylum:</td>
	<td>Chordata</td>
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>Class:</td>
	<td>Aves</td>
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>Order:</td>
	<td>Charadriiformes</td>
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>Family:</td>
	<td>Scolopacidae</td>
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>Genus:</td>
	<td>Limosa</td>
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>Species:</td>
	<td>L. limosa</td>
</tr>

<tr>
	<th>binominal name</th>
</tr>
<tr>
	<td>Limosa limosa</i>
	<td>(Linnaeus, 1758)</td>
</tr>

Also allows for other levels of taxonomy (e.g. genus or subspecies), and synonyms.

Quantitative evidence

For evidence of quantitative, rather than qualitative, use of species' and other taxonomic names, see species-examples-quantitative

Notable websites

These high-profile websites use species names

Breaking news

In under two weeks, the BBC News website carried the following stories, all including the scientific names of species:

Use in blogs

And finally...

Gary Larson, in his book The Far Side Gallery (Warner Books, 1980, ISBN 0751502367) has a cartoon, showing two entomologists sitting down to eat dinner in a jungle. One says to the other "Hey! What's this Drosophila melanogaster doing in my soup?"

Contributors

See also

species-examples was last modified: Tuesday, January 17th, 2017

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