From Microformats Wiki
Revision as of 10:37, 29 September 2006 by SXBRC (talk | contribs) (→‎Insect)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Species Examples

Examples of common and scientific names of living things, which could be marked up with a "species" (or similar) microformat. Note use of matching pairs of examples, where possible.



Black-tailed Godwit on West Midland Bird Club's Ladywalk reserve latest news page

<b class="bird">Black-tailed Godwit</b>

Limosa limosa on West Midland Bird Club's county lists'

<td>Limosa limosa</td>


Wolf on International Wolf Center

Canis lupus on NPS.gov


Northern pike on Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Esox lucius on Pike & Zander


Death’s Head Hawkmoth on Animal Teachers

Acherontia atropos on UK Moths

Migrant Hawker (Aeshna mixta) on Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre


Bog Pimpernel on Map Reading's Wildflower Images

Anagallis tenella on BioImages


Amanita muscaria on California Fungi

  • as Amanita muscaria (L. per Fr.) Hooker
  • as Amanita muscaria var. flavivolvata

Fly Agaric on Trees for Life

Rhodocollybia maculata (Albertini & Schweinitz: Fries) Singer on [1]

  • also written as Rhodocollybia maculata (Albertini & Schweinitz ex Fries) Singer
  • (This is where a post-Linnean author is given special rights (because his descriptions were comparatively complete - i.e. recognisable) so his interpretation of earlier names is taken as the sense meant by the original author. Think these used to be "apud" and are now "ex" although a colon has also been used. There are only a few sanctioning authors, the main one being Elias Fries.(Fr.) )

More than binominals


Pica pica Linnaeus, (1758) on Wikipedia: European Magpie

(i.e. named by Linnaeus in 1758)

Unsepcified species

Podiceps sp. on Bird Life

<i>Podiceps</i> sp.



Larus glaucoides kumlieni on BirdGuides

Kumlien's Gull on Birds Ireland


Pisum sativum L. subsp. sativum on [2] (also has other examples; note lack of required italics)

<b>Pisum sativum</b> L. subsp. <b>sativum</b>

Cultivars (plant)

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Aureomarginata' on Wikipedia: Cultivar

<dd><i>Chamaecyparis lawsoniana</i> 'Aureomarginata'</dd>

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Golden Wonder' on plantago.nl

Cultivar groups (plant)

Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group on Wikipedia: Cultivar

Trade names (plant)

Rosa Peace on Wikipedia: Cultivar

("Peace" is a trade designation or "selling name" for the cultivar R. 'Madame A. Meilland' and should therefore be printed in a different typeface from the rest of the name, without any quote marks)

Sunflower 'Giant Single' on Johnsons Seeds

Sunflower 'Infrared' F1 on Johnsons Seeds

(Note "F1" cross designation)

Variety (plant)

Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon on Dave's Garden

Sub-variety (plant)

Betula ermani var. genuina subvar. brevidentata on National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens, Gloucestershire Group (plus many other examples)

Form (plant)

Acanthocalycium spiniflorum f. klimpelianum on Wikipedia: form (botany)

  • aka Acanthocalycium spiniflorum forma klimpelianum

Sense (plant)

Ranunculus aquatilis s.l. and R. aquatilis s.s; on Blithfield Reservoir: Survey of Flowering Plants... (see also footnotes on that page)

Cross (plant)

Digitalis x mertonensis on Hortax

The hybrid name for all plants derived from the cross between D. purpurea and D. grandiflora. The "x" indicates the hybrid status.

× Fatshedera lizei on Scientific Plant Names, Oregon State Univ., Landscape Plants

Strain (bacteria)

Escherichia coli O157:H7 on FDA.gov

E.Coli on BBC news


Superseded names

Tringa bartramia superseded by Bartramia longicauda on West Midland Bird Club's Upland Sandpiper article


NBN Taxon Key: NBNSYS0000005133 for European Otter, Lutra lutra, on NBN Species Dictionary


Black-tailed Godwit on Wikipedia: Black-tailed Godwit

Wikipedia uses several sets of markup, e.g. (in-line styles and links, plus some other markup, removed, for clarity):

<p>The <b>Black-tailed Godwit</b>, <i>Limosa limosa</i>


	<td>L. limosa</td>

	<th>binominal name</th>
	<td>Limosa limosa</i>
	<td>(Linnaeus, 1758)</td>

And finally...

Gary Larson, in his book The Far Side Gallery (Warner Books, 1980, ISBN 0751502367) has a cartoon, showing two entomologists sitting down to eat dinner in a jungle. One says to the other "Hey! What's this Drosophila melanogaster doing in my soup?"

Quantitative evidence

For evidence of quantitative, rather than qualitative, use of species' and other taxonomic names, see [3] and [4]. Furthermore:

  • ARKive - 2000 species ("It is ARKive's current aim to compile audio-visual records, where such media exists, for the 15,000-plus species currently threatened with extinction, according to the World Conservation Union's (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.")
  • Animal Diversity Web - "Thousands of species accounts [plus] descriptions of levels of organization above the species level, especially phyla, classes, and in some cases, orders and families. Hundreds of hyperlinked pages and images illustrate the traits and general biology of these groups"

Notable websites

These high-profile websites use species names

  • Encyclopaedia Britannica - all species, e.g.

Use in blogs


See also