Difference between revisions of "species-examples-quantitative"

From Microformats Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(Added Category)
m (Reverted edits by AmeerDawood (Talk) to last version by AndyMabbett)
 
(9 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
Quantitative examples of common and scientific names of living things, which could be marked up with a "'''[[species]]'''" (or similar) microformat.
 
Quantitative examples of common and scientific names of living things, which could be marked up with a "'''[[species]]'''" (or similar) microformat.
  
:'''Note: the original name of the proposed microformat, "species", is likely to change, probably to "biota" or "taxon". The former has been retained here, to avoid having to make many repetitive and perhaps redundant edits'''
+
:'''Note: the original name of the proposed microformat, "species", is likely to change, probably to "hbiota" or "htaxon". The former has been retained here, to avoid having to make many repetitive and perhaps redundant edits'''
  
 
'''If you find a link which is no longer working, please replace it with a suitable alternative, rather than simply deleting it. Thank you.'''
 
'''If you find a link which is no longer working, please replace it with a suitable alternative, rather than simply deleting it. Thank you.'''
Line 10: Line 10:
  
 
==Evidence==
 
==Evidence==
 +
 +
:'''There are perhaps 30 million distinct species in the world today.''' [http://www.simonyi.ox.ac.uk/dawkins/WorldOfDawkins-archive/Dawkins/Work/Articles/1996-11-12dimbleby.shtml]
  
 
For earlier evidence of quantitative use of species' and other taxonomic names, see
 
For earlier evidence of quantitative use of species' and other taxonomic names, see
Line 45: Line 47:
 
** and so on, for '''every other rank'''
 
** and so on, for '''every other rank'''
 
** '''Every''' image (e.g. [http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Charadrius_hiaticula_He.jpg Charadrius hiaticula He.jpg]
 
** '''Every''' image (e.g. [http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Charadrius_hiaticula_He.jpg Charadrius hiaticula He.jpg]
 +
 +
*Birds Wiki (new)
 +
** e.g. [http://birds.wikia.com/wiki/American_Goldfinch American Goldfinch]
  
 
*Wikibooks
 
*Wikibooks
Line 53: Line 58:
  
 
*Google
 
*Google
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&hs=dBU&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&sa=X&oi=spell&resnum=0&ct=result&cd=1&q=%22E+coli%22&spell=1 Google finds about '''37,600,000''' for "E coli"].
+
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&hs=dBU&client=firefox-a&&resnum=0&ct=result&cd=1&q=%22E+coli%22&spell=1 Google finds about '''37,600,000''' for "E coli"].
***[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=Apo&hl=en&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial&q=%22Escherichia+coli%22&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''19,500,000''' for "Escherichia coli"]
+
***[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=Apo&hl=en&client=firefox-a&q=%22Escherichia+coli%22&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''19,500,000''' for "Escherichia coli"]
***[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=zqo&hl=en&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial&q=%22Ecoli%22&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''722,000''' for "Ecoli"].
+
***[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=zqo&hl=en&client=firefox-a&q=%22Ecoli%22&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''722,000''' for "Ecoli"].
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=vWC&hl=en&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial&q=%22Homo+sapiens%22&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''14,200,000''' for "Homo sapiens"]  
+
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=vWC&hl=en&client=firefox-a&q=%22Homo+sapiens%22&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''14,200,000''' for "Homo sapiens"]  
***[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=vWC&hl=en&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial&q=%22Homo+sapien%22+-sapiens&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''273,000''' for the mis-spelling "Homo sapien" -sapiens.]
+
***[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hs=vWC&hl=en&client=firefox-a&q=%22Homo+sapien%22+-sapiens&btnG=Search&meta= Google finds about '''273,000''' for the mis-spelling "Homo sapien" -sapiens.]
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?q=%22%22Homo+erectus%22%22&start=0&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official Google finds about '''1,260,000''' for ""Homo erectus"]
+
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?q=%22%22Homo+erectus%22%22&start=0&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8 Google finds about '''1,260,000''' for ""Homo erectus"]
 
**[http://www.google.com/search?svnum=10&as_scoring=r&hl=en&edition=us&as_drrb=q&as_qdr=&as_mind=1&as_minm=9&as_maxd=1&as_maxm=10&q=%22Clostridium+difficile%22&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=nw Google finds about '''1,380,000''' for "Clostridium difficile"].
 
**[http://www.google.com/search?svnum=10&as_scoring=r&hl=en&edition=us&as_drrb=q&as_qdr=&as_mind=1&as_minm=9&as_maxd=1&as_maxm=10&q=%22Clostridium+difficile%22&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=nw Google finds about '''1,380,000''' for "Clostridium difficile"].
 
**[http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&edition=us&q=%22Passer+domesticus%22&btnG=Search Google finds about '''841,000''' for "Passer domesticus"].
 
**[http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&edition=us&q=%22Passer+domesticus%22&btnG=Search Google finds about '''841,000''' for "Passer domesticus"].
 
***[http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&lr=&edition=us&q=%22Passer%20domesticus%22&btnG=Search&sa=N&tab=wi Google images finds about '''3,140''' for "Passer domesticus"].
 
***[http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&lr=&edition=us&q=%22Passer%20domesticus%22&btnG=Search&sa=N&tab=wi Google images finds about '''3,140''' for "Passer domesticus"].
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&hs=oEU&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&sa=X&oi=spell&resnum=0&ct=result&cd=1&q=%22Acer+palmatum%22&spell=1 Google finds about '''602,000''' for "Acer palmatum"]
+
**[http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&hs=oEU&client=firefox-a&sa=X&oi=spell&resnum=0&ct=result&cd=1&q=%22Acer+palmatum%22&spell=1 Google finds about '''602,000''' for "Acer palmatum"]
 
** At the time of writing, '''every single one''' of the first 20 [http://www.google.com/search?q=%22Noctule+bat%22 Google results for "Noctule Bat"] also includes the scientific name ''Nyctalus noctula''.   
 
** At the time of writing, '''every single one''' of the first 20 [http://www.google.com/search?q=%22Noctule+bat%22 Google results for "Noctule Bat"] also includes the scientific name ''Nyctalus noctula''.   
 
*A [http://www.google.com/search?q=checklist+NEAR+species Google search for "checklist NEAR species"] finds about '''1,090,000''' - each checklist includes many species e.g. [http://www.earthlife.net/insects/mantchek.html], [http://www.kingsnake.com/dfw/checklist/species_checklist.htm], [http://www.taylor.edu/academics/acadDepts/ees/sedges/checklist.html]
 
*A [http://www.google.com/search?q=checklist+NEAR+species Google search for "checklist NEAR species"] finds about '''1,090,000''' - each checklist includes many species e.g. [http://www.earthlife.net/insects/mantchek.html], [http://www.kingsnake.com/dfw/checklist/species_checklist.htm], [http://www.taylor.edu/academics/acadDepts/ees/sedges/checklist.html]
Line 78: Line 83:
 
*[http://www.bacterio.net List of Prokaryotic Names (formerly List of Bacterial Names)] - 2,032 *files*; '''10,268''' published names (to 2006-09-07)
 
*[http://www.bacterio.net List of Prokaryotic Names (formerly List of Bacterial Names)] - 2,032 *files*; '''10,268''' published names (to 2006-09-07)
  
*[http://nbn.nhm.ac.uk/nhm/ UK National Biodiversity Network's Species Dictionary]
+
*[http://nbn.nhm.ac.uk/nhm/ UK National Biodiversity Network's Species Dictionary] - "'''more than 196,000''' versions of taxonomic names", e.g. ''[http://nbn.nhm.ac.uk/nhm/bin/nbntaxa.dll/taxon_details?taxon_key=NBNSYS0000042001 Phalacrocorax carbo subsp. sinensis]''
  
 
*[http://www.searchnbn.net/ UK National Biodiversity Network Gateway] - '''20 million+''' species records
 
*[http://www.searchnbn.net/ UK National Biodiversity Network Gateway] - '''20 million+''' species records
Line 122: Line 127:
  
 
* [http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/index.html List of Prokaryotic (Bacterial) names with Standing in Nomenclature] - '''2,212''' names of genera, species or subspecies (e.g. [http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/allnamesac.html A-C]), and '''124''' names of higher taxa ([http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/validsupragenerinames.html]]) (number cited seems on low side; note [http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/twothousand/twothousandsix.html 856 additions in 2006]).
 
* [http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/index.html List of Prokaryotic (Bacterial) names with Standing in Nomenclature] - '''2,212''' names of genera, species or subspecies (e.g. [http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/allnamesac.html A-C]), and '''124''' names of higher taxa ([http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/validsupragenerinames.html]]) (number cited seems on low side; note [http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/twothousand/twothousandsix.html 856 additions in 2006]).
 +
 +
* [http://www.kew.org/data/grassbase/ Grassbase] -  There are now '''61,141''' names within the nomenclature database and '''11,086''' accepted species with accompanying descriptions.
  
 
*PhotoPic
 
*PhotoPic
Line 131: Line 138:
 
***e.g. [http://johnmartin.photos.gb.com/c1113758.html Martin's Photo Images]
 
***e.g. [http://johnmartin.photos.gb.com/c1113758.html Martin's Photo Images]
 
**etc.
 
**etc.
 +
 +
* [http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/biodiversity/nature-navigator/ Nature Navigator]: "information on '''more than 8,000''' of the best-known species that occur in Britain", e.g. [http://internt.nhm.ac.uk/jobj/runjava.jobj?java=ctol.CTOLServer&method=printNamePage&accountref=987&NAMEID=2384 Eurasian jay]
  
 
===Planned sites===
 
===Planned sites===
*[http://herbariaunited.org/atHome/ Herbaria United] (part of The website of the Botanical Collection Managers Group (BCMG), a specialist group of the Linnean Society of London) - "The UK has the world's largest and oldest collections of herbarium specimens held in trust by museums and universities. A new project is just getting underway to put all this online."
+
*[http://herbariaunited.org/atHome/ Herbaria United] (part of The website of the Botanical Collection Managers Group (BCMG), a special ist group of the Linnean Society of London) - "The UK has the world's largest and oldest collections of herbarium specimens held in trust by museums and universities. A new project is just getting underway to put all this online."
 
**Update (2007-02-28) - work has started, and the first pages are available to view.
 
**Update (2007-02-28) - work has started, and the first pages are available to view.
 
  
 
===Misc===
 
===Misc===
Line 144: Line 152:
 
*Malcolm Storey (per e-mail)
 
*Malcolm Storey (per e-mail)
 
*[[User:SXBRC|Charles Roper]], [http://www.sxbrc.org.uk/ Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre] (proponent)
 
*[[User:SXBRC|Charles Roper]], [http://www.sxbrc.org.uk/ Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre] (proponent)
 
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
{{species}}
 
{{species}}
 
[[Category:Species]]
 

Latest revision as of 19:05, 18 November 2008

Species Examples (Quantitative )

Quantitative examples of common and scientific names of living things, which could be marked up with a "species" (or similar) microformat.

Note: the original name of the proposed microformat, "species", is likely to change, probably to "hbiota" or "htaxon". The former has been retained here, to avoid having to make many repetitive and perhaps redundant edits

If you find a link which is no longer working, please replace it with a suitable alternative, rather than simply deleting it. Thank you.

Evidence

There are perhaps 30 million distinct species in the world today. [1]

For earlier evidence of quantitative use of species' and other taxonomic names, see [2] and [3]. Furthermore:

  • ARKive - 2000 species ("It is ARKive's current aim to compile audio-visual records, where such media exists, for the 15,000-plus species currently threatened with extinction, according to the World Conservation Union's (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.")
  • Zip Code Zoo 875,712 plants and 932,168 animals ... 79,438 1,537 sound recordings, 23,704,023 field observations (from 28,236 data sets and 1,326 data providers which show latitude and longitude, from which they have generated 218,283 State Maps, 715,397 Country Maps, 156,248 Google maps showing up to 200 sightings each, and 18,177 Google Earth maps showing all sightings). Uses full taxonomies e.g. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis
  • Animal Diversity Web - "Thousands of species accounts [plus] descriptions of levels of organization above the species level, especially phyla, classes, and in some cases, orders and families. Hundreds of hyperlinked pages and images illustrate the traits and general biology of these groups"
  • uBio
    • NameBank is a repository of millions of recorded biological names and facts that link those names together.
    • ClassificationBank stores multiple classifications and taxonomic concepts that are the result of expert opinions. It extends the functionality of NameBank.
    • Over 500,000 common names are catalogued.
  • Discover Life - "contains 306,553 species. The Polistes Foundation and its scientific partners plan to add high-quality identification guides, maps, images, and text for a million species by 2012. [...] Each month Discover Life serves approximately 3 million pages and images to 70,000 IP addresses"
  • rECOrd (the Local Biological Records Centre serving the Cheshire region of England) - 1.6 million species records available online for the public to search and map
  • Canadian Centre for DNA Barcoding multiple sites, covering over 11,000 species (134,990 records; target 55,000+ species.
    • Barcode of Life Data Systems "BOLD-ECS provides web developers and bioinformaticians the ability to build tools and workflows that can be integrated with the BOLD framework. We welcome the addition of new analytical modules."
  • Fiji Arthropod Survey - (insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and others) > 7,000 Families, Genera and Species
  • Grassbase - There are now 61,141 names within the nomenclature database and 11,086 accepted species with accompanying descriptions.

Planned sites

  • Herbaria United (part of The website of the Botanical Collection Managers Group (BCMG), a special ist group of the Linnean Society of London) - "The UK has the world's largest and oldest collections of herbarium specimens held in trust by museums and universities. A new project is just getting underway to put all this online."
    • Update (2007-02-28) - work has started, and the first pages are available to view.

Misc

Contributors

See also