Difference between revisions of "hcard-cheatsheet"

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<h1>hCard cheetsheet</h1>
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{{DISPLAYTITLE:hCard cheatsheet}}
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[[hcard|hCard]] properties and how to use them.
  
 
==Profile==
 
==Profile==
<nowiki><head profile="http://www.w3.org/2006/03/hcard"></nowiki>
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Place the following into the <nowiki><head></nowiki> of your document:
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<source lang=html4strict>
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<link rel="profile" href="http://microformats.org/profile/hcard">
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</source>
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See [[rel-profile]] for details.
  
 
==Properties  (Class Names)==
 
==Properties  (Class Names)==
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**[[hcard-singular-properties#sort-string|sort-string]]?
 
**[[hcard-singular-properties#sort-string|sort-string]]?
 
**''sound''*
 
**''sound''*
**''title''*
 
 
**''tel''* ''(Note [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.123 E.123] for formatting info.)''
 
**''tel''* ''(Note [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.123 E.123] for formatting info.)''
 
***type [home|work|pref|fax|cell|pager]?
 
***type [home|work|pref|fax|cell|pager]?
 
***value?
 
***value?
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**''title''*
 
**[[hcard-singular-properties#tz|tz]]? ''timezone of the person''
 
**[[hcard-singular-properties#tz|tz]]? ''timezone of the person''
 
**[[hcard-singular-properties#uid|uid]]?  ''applies to the ''entire'' hCard''
 
**[[hcard-singular-properties#uid|uid]]?  ''applies to the ''entire'' hCard''
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===Notes===
 
===Notes===
*FAQ: [[hcard-faq#Should_I_use_ADDRESS_for_hCards|"why 'adr'?"]]
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*{{rfc-2119-intro}}
 
* <code>URL</code> in vCard becomes  <code><a class="url" href=...>...</a></code> inside the element with class <code>vcard</code> in hCard.
 
* <code>URL</code> in vCard becomes  <code><a class="url" href=...>...</a></code> inside the element with class <code>vcard</code> in hCard.
 
* Similarly, <code>EMAIL</code> in vCard becomes <code><nowiki><a class="email" href="mailto:...">...</a></nowiki></code>
 
* Similarly, <code>EMAIL</code> in vCard becomes <code><nowiki><a class="email" href="mailto:...">...</a></nowiki></code>
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* <code>FN</code> is an abbreviation of "'''formatted name'''".
 
* <code>PHOTO</code> in vCard becomes <code><img class="photo" src=... alt="Photo of ..." /></code> or <code><object class="photo" data=... type=...>Photo of ...</object></code>
 
* <code>PHOTO</code> in vCard becomes <code><img class="photo" src=... alt="Photo of ..." /></code> or <code><object class="photo" data=... type=...>Photo of ...</object></code>
 
* <code>UID</code> in vCard simply becomes another semantic applied to a specific URL (or EMAIL) for an hCard.
 
* <code>UID</code> in vCard simply becomes another semantic applied to a specific URL (or EMAIL) for an hCard.
* If an adr-child (e.g ''street-address'') is present it will ONLY be considered part of the hCard data IF it is inside an ''adr''.
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* Compare <code>TITLE</code> of "Wing Commander" with <code>ROLE</code> of "pilot".
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====Adr====
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{{adr-note}}
  
 
====Geo====
 
====Geo====
* If latitude is present, so MUST be longitude, and vice versa.
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{{geo-note}}
* Coordinates MAY be combined a single
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 +
==Deprecated==
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=== profile attribute===
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Previously this cheatsheet advised adding a profile attribute to the <nowiki><head></nowiki> like this:
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<source lang=html4strict>
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<head profile="http://www.w3.org/2006/03/hcard" />
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</source>
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 +
This technique is valid for HTML4.x and XHTML1.x, however [http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1585220/use-of-profile-attribute-in-html-head-tag this is invalid for HTML5], thus authors are advised to use <nowiki><link rel=profile ...></nowiki> instead as [[#Profile|described above]] See [[hcard#Profile| hCard:Profile]] for more information.
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==Related pages==
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{{hcard-related-pages}}
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*[[rel-profile]]
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*{{cheatsheets}}

Latest revision as of 16:25, 18 July 2020


hCard properties and how to use them.

Profile

Place the following into the <head> of your document:

<link rel="profile" href="http://microformats.org/profile/hcard">

See rel profile for details.

Properties (Class Names)

  • vcard {1}
    • adr*
      • type [work|home|pref|postal|dom|intl]?
      • post-office-box?
      • street-address*
      • extended-address?
      • region?
      • locality?
      • postal-code?
      • country-name?
    • agent*
    • bday? (ISO date)
    • class? confidentiality/access classification of the entire hCard
    • category*
    • email*
      • type?
      • value?
    • fn {1}
    • Geo?
      • latitude?
      • longitude?
    • key*
    • label*
    • logo*
    • mailer*
    • n?
      • honorific-prefix*
      • given-name*
      • additional-name*
      • family-name*
      • honorific-suffix*
    • nickname*
    • note*
    • org*
      • organization-name?
      • organization-unit*
    • photo*
    • rev? datetime of the revision of the entire hCard
    • role*
    • sort-string?
    • sound*
    • tel* (Note E.123 for formatting info.)
      • type [home|work|pref|fax|cell|pager]?
      • value?
    • title*
    • tz? timezone of the person
    • uid? applies to the entire hCard
    • url*

Key

Based on Perl's standard quantifiers:

bold {1} MUST be present exactly once
italic* OPTIONAL, and MAY occur more than once
+ MUST be present, and MAY occur more than once
? OPTIONAL, but MUST NOT occur more than once
[square brackets] list of common values
(parentheses) data format
# comment
! awaiting documentation
pref preferred
dom domestic
intl international
cell mobile

Notes

  • The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.
  • URL in vCard becomes <a class="url" href=...>...</a> inside the element with class vcard in hCard.
  • Similarly, EMAIL in vCard becomes <a class="email" href="mailto:...">...</a>
  • FN is an abbreviation of "formatted name".
  • PHOTO in vCard becomes <img class="photo" src=... alt="Photo of ..." /> or <object class="photo" data=... type=...>Photo of ...</object>
  • UID in vCard simply becomes another semantic applied to a specific URL (or EMAIL) for an hCard.
  • Compare TITLE of "Wing Commander" with ROLE of "pilot".

Adr

  • At least one child-property MUST be present in adr.
  • If an adr-child (e.g street-address) is present it will ONLY be considered part of the adr data IF it is inside an adr.
  • FAQ: "why 'adr'?"

Geo

  • Coordinates MUST use the datum of WGS84.
  • If latitude is present, so MUST be longitude, and vice versa.
  • Coordinates MAY be combined a single <abbr> element; then the latitude and longitude MUST be separated by a semicolon in the title attribute and latitude MUST be first:
<abbr class="geo" title="37.386013;-122.082932">home</abbr>

Deprecated

profile attribute

Previously this cheatsheet advised adding a profile attribute to the <head> like this:

<head profile="http://www.w3.org/2006/03/hcard" />

This technique is valid for HTML4.x and XHTML1.x, however this is invalid for HTML5, thus authors are advised to use <link rel=profile ...> instead as described above See hCard:Profile for more information.

Related pages

The hCard specification is a work in progress. As additional aspects are discussed, understood, and written, they will be added. These thoughts, issues, and questions are kept in separate pages.