Semantic HTML

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Semantic HTML refers to:

  1. The semantic elements and attributes of HTML (as opposed to presentational HTML elements and attributes)
  2. HTML documents that are written using semantic HTML.
  3. The practice of writing semantic HTML
  4. plain old semantic HTML (POSH)

Semantic Elements

Based on semantic elements from Microformats in HTML5 (including the <code> element, resolved but pending editor cycles).

alphabetical

Elements for marking up visible text and user interactivity only.

  • a
  • abbr
  • acronym
  • address
  • area
  • article
  • base
  • bdo
  • blockquote
  • body
  • button
  • caption
  • cite
  • code
  • col
  • colgroup
  • data
  • dd
  • del
  • dfn
  • dir (deprecated)
  • div
  • dl
  • dt
  • em
  • fieldset
  • form
  • h1
  • h2
  • h3
  • h4
  • h5
  • h6
  • html
  • img
  • input
  • ins
  • isindex (deprecated)
  • kbd
  • label
  • legend
  • li
  • map
  • menu (deprecated)
  • noframes
  • noscript
  • object
  • ol
  • optgroup
  • option
  • p
  • pre
  • q
  • samp
  • section
  • select
  • span
  • strong
  • table (when used for tabular data, not layout)
  • tbody
  • td
  • textarea
  • tfoot
  • th
  • thead
  • time
  • title
  • tr
  • ul
  • var

invisible semantics

  • head
  • link
  • meta
  • param

layer hooks

  • script
  • style

semantically clustered

These lists/clusterings are incomplete.

hypertext

  • a
  • area
  • map

common prose document

  • abbr
  • acronym
  • em
  • h1
  • h2
  • h3
  • h4
  • h5
  • h6
  • p
  • strong
  • title

quotes and references

  • blockquote
  • cite
  • q

contact

  • address

infrastructure

  • html
  • body (because of 'profile' attribute)
  • base
  • del
  • ins

international

  • bdo

forms

  • form
    • fieldset
      • legend
      • label
      • button
      • input
      • isindex (deprecated)
      • select
        • optgroup
        • option
      • textarea

programming

  • code
  • kbd
  • pre
  • samp
  • var

tabular data

  • table (when used for tabular data, not layout)
    • caption
    • col
    • colgroup
    • thead
      • th
    • tbody
      • tr
        • td
    • tfoot

definitions

  • dfn
  • dl
    • dt
    • dd

text user interface

  • dir (deprecated)
  • menu (deprecated)

media

  • img
  • object

lists

  • ol
  • ul
    • li

generic

  • div
  • span

Semantic Attributes

(This list is incomplete, please add!)

  • axis
  • caption
  • class
  • data
  • headers
  • href
  • hreflang
  • id
  • lang
  • rel
  • rev
  • scope
  • summary
  • title
  • type

Previous to HTML5:

Semantic (X)HTML

Semantic (X)HTML refers to:

  1. The semantic elements and attributes of (X)HTML (as opposed to the presentational HTML elements and attributes)
  2. (X)HTML documents that are written using semantic (X)HTML.
  3. The practice of writing semantic (X)HTML
  4. plain old semantic HTML (POSH)

Semantic (X)HTML Elements

Based on the Index of HTML 4 Elements.

Presentations

See POSH Presentations.

See also

References