Introduction to Microformats

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<entry-title>Introduction to Microformats</entry-title>
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==Introduction to Microformats==
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__TOC__
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== What are Microformats? ==
== What are Microformats? ==
Microformats are a way of adding simple markup to human-readable data items such as events, contact details or locations, on web pages, so that the information in them can be extracted by software and indexed, searched for, saved, cross-referenced or combined.
Microformats are a way of adding simple markup to human-readable data items such as events, contact details or locations, on web pages, so that the information in them can be extracted by software and indexed, searched for, saved, cross-referenced or combined.
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More technically, they are items of semantic markup, using just standard (X)HTML with a set of common class-names. They are open and available, freely, for anyone to use.
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More technically, they are items of semantic markup, using just standard "plain old semantic HTML" (i.e. "[[POSH]]") with a set of common [[class-names]] and "[[rel]]" values. They are open and available, freely, for anyone to use.
== Why Microformats ==
== Why Microformats ==
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In short, microformats are the convergence of a number of trends:
In short, microformats are the convergence of a number of trends:
# a logical next step in the evolution of web design and information architecture
# a logical next step in the evolution of web design and information architecture
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# a way for people and organisations to publish richer information themselves, without having to rely upon centralized services
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# a way for people and organizations to publish richer information themselves, without having to rely upon centralized services
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# an acknowledgment that (outside of specialist areas) "traditional" metadata efforts have either failed or taken so long to garner any adoption, that a new approach was necessary
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# an acknowledgement that (outside of speci<span class="notspam">alist</span> areas) "traditional" metadata efforts (e.g. meta tags) have either failed or taken so long to garner any adoption, that a new approach was necessary
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# a way to use (X)HTML for data.
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# a way to use well formed [[HTML]] for data.
== The Appeal to Simplicity ==
== The Appeal to Simplicity ==
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* Microformats are a simple effort which has appealed to many frustrated with previous complex efforts. One parallel that can be drawn is to REST in the web services world, i.e. see this [http://www.windley.com/archives/2005/07/microformats.shtml comparison of microformats and REST]. See the [http://rest.blueoxen.net REST wiki] for more about REST. Related [http://patricklogan.blogspot.com/2006/01/microformat-microprotocol.html microformats and microprotocols].
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* Microformats are a simple effort which has appealed to many frustrated with previous complex efforts.
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* See also: [http://www.justinleavesley.com/journal/2005/7/28/web-services-and-the-innovators-dilemma.html Web Services and the Innovators Dilemma] by  Justin Leavesley
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One parallel that has been drawn is to REST in the API / web services world - for more on REST see [[suggested-reading#REST|suggested reading on REST]].
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==Get Started ==
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It's easy to get started with microformats:
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* [[get-started]] with adding microformats to your HTML
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==Learn More ==
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Learn more about microformats from the microformats.org
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* [http://microformats.org/about/ about page],
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* [http://microformats.org/ blog],
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* [[FAQ]],
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* [[articles]],
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* [[press]],
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* [[presentations]],
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* [[books]],
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* [[podcasts]],
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* [[screencasts]],
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* and more [[suggested-reading|suggested reading]].
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==See Also==
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* [[testimonials]]
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* [[implement|So you want to implement microformats?]]
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== External Resources==
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* Emily Lewis's excellent series of articles:
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** [http://ablognotlimited.com/articles/tag/Getting+Semantic+series/ A Blog Not Limited: Getting Semantic With Microformats Series]
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* Sitepoint has a nice introductory tutorial:
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** [http://reference.sitepoint.com/html/microformats Microformats - Plugging the Gaps in HTML]
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* Premasagar has written up
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** [http://premasagar.com/microformats/compound/ some nice microformats examples with source].
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== Translations ==
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==See also==
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* [[introduction-pt-br]] (see also [[introduction-pt-br-2]])
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*Recent [[press]] interviews and [[articles]] are also a good introduction.
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* ...
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*See microformat [[presentations]] for more background and introductory material on [[microformats]].
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*Listen to [[podcasts]] about microformats.
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*Read the [[faq|FAQs]] for general microformat queries.
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*More [[suggested-reading|suggested reading]]
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*[[implement|So you wanna implement microformats?]]
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*[[presentations]]
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*[[podcasts]]
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*[[suggested-reading]]
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*[[testimonials]]
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Current revision

Contents

What are Microformats?

Microformats are a way of adding simple markup to human-readable data items such as events, contact details or locations, on web pages, so that the information in them can be extracted by software and indexed, searched for, saved, cross-referenced or combined.

More technically, they are items of semantic markup, using just standard "plain old semantic HTML" (i.e. "POSH") with a set of common class-names and "rel" values. They are open and available, freely, for anyone to use.

Why Microformats

Why did we come up with microformats?

In short, microformats are the convergence of a number of trends:

  1. a logical next step in the evolution of web design and information architecture
  2. a way for people and organizations to publish richer information themselves, without having to rely upon centralized services
  3. an acknowledgement that (outside of specialist areas) "traditional" metadata efforts (e.g. meta tags) have either failed or taken so long to garner any adoption, that a new approach was necessary
  4. a way to use well formed HTML for data.

The Appeal to Simplicity

One parallel that has been drawn is to REST in the API / web services world - for more on REST see suggested reading on REST.

Get Started

It's easy to get started with microformats:

Learn More

Learn more about microformats from the microformats.org

See Also

External Resources

Translations

Introduction to Microformats was last modified: Sunday, April 7th, 2013

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