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REST Service Description Conventions (RSDC)

The general consensus (as articulated by Roy and Mark, though disputed by others) is that REST does not need a WSDL-style description language. After all, we use the web without requiring directions, right?

At the same time, there is still confusion about what actually works, and how.


In at least the Microformats case ("REX") where you're assuming a browser, we can presumably get by with the following constraints (in addition to REST itself, of course; e.g., properly-formed URIs):

REST Service Description Conventions

  1. information is always returned as (X)HTML hypertext
  2. inputs are always key-value pairs of strings (except for file uploads)
  3. there must be a way to discover all valid queries starting from the base URI
  4. forms MUST specify correct actions (e.g., PUT, DELETE), even if the actual implementation uses JavaScript


  1. only hyperlinks that share the same root refer to part of the REST service
  2. body text associated with a control/hyperlink provides the human-readable description


Arguably a sitemap is one way of presenting a list of the resources available on particular site, even if it isn't quite the same as a recipe for URL construction (which arguably is more useful in this context).

Update - Google's sitemap has now been accepted as an industry standard.

Implementations (Twill)

twill is a web app testing language by Titus Brown that functions like a smart REST client!

"Twill is especially good at retrieving and submitting web forms. The form-related feature uses the [following] commands:"

shows the forms contained in a web page. Unnamed forms get an ordinal number to use as a form ID
formvalue <form_id> <name> <value>
fills a field of the specified form with a given value
submit <button_id>
lets you press a Submit button, thus submitting the form
formclear <form_id>
resets all the fields in a form

In particular, Twill retrieves information in the following format:

>> showforms
Form #1
## __Name______ __Type___ __ID________ __Value__________________
     name         text      (None)
     password     password  (None)
     confirm      checkbox  (None)       [] of ['yes']
     color       radio     (None)       [] of ['green', 'blue', 'brown', 'ot ...
     size         select    (None)       ['Medium (10")'] of ['Tiny (4")', 'S ...
     toppings     select    (None)       ['cheese'] of ['cheese', 'pepperoni' ...
     time         hidden    (None)       1118768019.17
     1               submit    (None)       Submit

Those comment were extracted from ONLamp's web testing article, which also discusses:

Python Browser Poseur (PBP)
by Cory Dodt (came first)
Beautiful Soup
a third-party HTML parsing tool
a nice, small Pythonic web framework
John J. Lee's websearch tools
mechanize (inspired by Perl), ClientForm, and ClientCookie
object-oriented text processing
JavaScript framework for browser/Plone testing
Agile Testing blog
by Grig Gheorghiu.