- 1 Discussion Participants
- 2 Purpose
- 3 Terminology
- 4 Discovered Elements
- 4.1 artist
- 4.2 title
- 4.3 tracks (track/song listing)
- 4.4 release date
- 4.5 acquire
- 4.6 photo
- 4.7 genre
- 4.8 duration
- 4.9 price
- 4.10 Transformational Uses
- 4.11 Archival Uses
- 5 Copyright
- Manu Sporny
- Martin McEvoy
- Alexandre Van De Sande
The audio album microformat creates a standard method of marking up metadata and information about a collection of audio recordings discussed on a web page. One goal of the audio album microformat is to support the hAudio microformat.
This section explores the terminology that should used to discuss an audio album microformat.
Common Terminology on Audio Websites
There were several elements that were identified during the discovery process as being good first-implementation candidates. They are listed below in order of popularity.
Frequency: 95%+ in 91 sites
The artist information was found on all pages related to audio recordings. This usually consisted of an artist name, band name, or orchestra name. This field could more loosely be described as the primary content creator. Additional contributors could be listed using the
role property of vcard.
It is recommended that artist name be wrapped in a vcard inside a 'contributor' tag. This re-uses what has already been defined in the hAudio specification. For example:
<span class="contributor"> <span class="vcard"> <span class="fn org">Green Day</span> </span> </span>
<span class="contributor"> <div class="vcard"> <span class="fn">Green Day</span> (<span class="role">artist</span>) </div> </span>
Frequency: 94% in 91 sites
The title of the album was almost as prevalent as the artist name. This was usually a simple text value.
It is recommended that the title be implemented as a simple span tag:
<span class="album-title">I Have A Dream</span>
tracks (track/song listing)
Frequency: 85% in 91 sites
Usually on a page listing an album or a podcast, a listing of tracks/songs available in the collection was detailed on the same page.
It is recommended that the tracks be hAudio items.
<div class="halbum"> <span class="album-title">Audio Album Name</span> by <span class="contributor"> <span class="vcard"> <span class="fn org">Audio Album Artist Name</span> </span> </span> <ol> <li class="track"> <div class="haudio"> <span class="audio-title">Track 1</span> </div> </li> <li class="track"> <div class="haudio"> <span class="audio-title">Track 2</span> </div> </li> <li class="track"> <div class="haudio"> <span class="audio-title">Track 3</span> </div> </li> </div>
Frequency: 75% on 91 sites
A release date is usually specified for the date that the album hit the streets. This is almost always in a standard date format.
The release date should probably use the already well established Datetime Design Pattern. A date/time could look like the following:
<abbr class="published" title="20051010T10:10:10-0100">October 10th, 2005</abbr>
Frequency: 62% of 91 sites
The acquire discovery pertains to legal acquisition of the audio material in it's entirety (not a sample). Most of these acquisitions methods are web-based purchases. Some of them are free downloads and a small number of them are online purchases for physical goods. A URL is almost always listed to begin the process (be it checkout, download site selection, format selection).
It is recommended that acquisition method use the already well established rel-design-pattern. An acquisition link could look like the following:
<a href="http://www.mysite.com/acquire/4858372839" rel="acquire">Purchase/Download URL</a>
Frequency: 59% of 85 sites
The image summary is a visual still-frame image summary of the content. In the case of an album, it is the album cover image. In the case of a speech, it can be an image of the speaker. In the case of an audio song - the album cover image would be adequate.
It is recommended that an image is used for the image summary.
<span class="image-summary"><img src="album_cover.jpg" alt="Album Cover" /></span>
Frequency: 59% of 91 sites
The genre describes the type of music, be it blues, rock, motivational, spoken word, sound effect or any other musical, speech or audio style.
It is recommended that the class-design-pattern be used for identifying genres.
Frequency: 54% of 85 sites
The length of a audio clip is important when considering if it is worth the download.
The abbr design pattern may be a good choice for this data format. The title is always the time in seconds with the human-readable portion of it described in the CDATA.
<abbr class="duration" title="125">2:05</abbr> seconds.
Frequency: 51% of 85 sites
Another strong differentiator when somebody is searching for something to purchase is the price. The price is prominently displayed on a variety of music service sites.
Perhaps currency-proposal would be the best method of describing this information:
<span class="money"><abbr class="currency" title="USD">$</abbr><span class="amount">7.99</span></span>
It may be desirable to process an audio blog using a transformational tool, such as XSLT, to produce a different representation that can be used elsewhere - such as in a REST invocation.
Being able to scrape information from a web page and store it long term may be desirable for search companies.
This document is in the public domain.
- hAudio cheatsheet - hAudio properties.
- hAudio authoring - learn how to add hAudio markup to your existing web pages.
- hAudio issues - issues with the specification.
- Audio info issues - issues with the preparatory work.
- hAudio brainstorming - ideas for the specification.
- hAudio-history - the history of the research and development of hAudio.